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NCJ Number: 50081 Find in a Library
Title: ON THE VALUE OF THE INFORMATION OBTAINED FROM AN IDENTITY PARADE
Journal: INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL POLICE REVIEW  Volume:33  Issue:315  Dated:(FEBRUARY 1978)  Pages:36-45
Author(s): M A P WILLMER
Corporate Author: International Criminal Police Organization
France
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: International Criminal Police Organization
92210 Saint Cloud, France
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: France
Annotation: THE CONDUCT OF IDENTIFICATION PARADES TO TEST THE RELIABILITY OF WITNESSES AS OBSERVERS AND AN INFORMATION THEORY APPROACH TO DETERMINE THE VALUE OF INFORMATION OBTAINED FROM SUCH PARADES ARE CONSIDERED.
Abstract: THE RELIABILITY OF WITNESSES CAN DIFFER IN TERMS OF BOTH AGE AND SEX. OPERATIONAL DETECTIVES HAVE LONG APPRECIATED THE DIFFICULTIES ENCOUNTERED IN OBTAINING CORRECT DESCRIPTIONS FROM EYE WITNESSES IN THE EVENT OF A CRIME. IN CONDUCTING AN IDENTIFICATION PARADE, EVERY PRECAUTION SHOULD BE TAKEN TO EXCLUDE ANY SUSPICION OF UNFAIRNESS OR RISK OF ERRONEOUS IDENTIFICATION AND TO ASSURE THAT THE WITNESS' ABILITY TO RECOGNIZE THE ACCUSED HAS BEEN FAIRLY AND ADEQUATELY TESTED. BY THEIR VERY NATURE, IDENTIFICATION PARADES CAN NEVER BE MADE COMPLETELY ERROR-FREE REGARDLESS OF WHAT INSTRUCTIONS ARE GIVEN TO POLICE ABOUT THE WAY THEY SHOULD BE CONDUCTED AND NO MATTER WHAT SAFEGUARDS ARE INTRODUCED TO SEE THAT THEY ARE CARRIED OUT PROPERLY. THE PARADES DO, HOWEVER, CONSTITUTE A VALUABLE WEAPON FOR BRINGING CRIMINALS TO JUSTICE. FORMULAS ARE PRESENTED FOR DETERMINING THE VALUE OF INFORMATION GAINED FROM AN IDENTIFICATION PARADE. (DP)
Index Term(s): Line-up; Suspect identification; Witnesses
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