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NCJ Number: 50134 Find in a Library
Title: JUVENILE JUSTICE - THE ROLE OF THE COURTS (FROM JUVENILE JUSTICE - THE HUMAN DIMENSION - HIGHLIGHTS OF THE PROCEEDINGS, 1978, BY LADY BROWN AND JUNE BERRY - SEE NCJ-50131)
Author(s): E H PENA
Corporate Author: Junior League of Lubbock, Inc
United States of America

Texas Cmtte for the Humanities and Public Policy
United States of America

National Endowment for the Humanities
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Junior League of Lubbock, Inc
Lubbock, TX 79412
National Endowment for the Humanities

Texas Cmtte for the Humanities and Public Policy
TX
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE HISTORICAL CONCEPTS AND PHILOSOPHIES WHICH HAVE SHAPED THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM IN THE UNITED STATES SINCE 1899 ARE DISCUSSED, AND CONTEMPORARY ISSUES AND TRENDS ARE ADDRESSED.
Abstract: THE JUVENILE COURT SYSTEM THAT EMERGED IN 1899 WAS THE RESULT OF A CONFLUENCE OF SEVERAL STREAMS OF THOUGHT AND PRACTICE. IT WAS FOUNDED BASICALLY, HOWEVER, ON THE ENGLISH LEGAL SYSTEM IN WHICH THE CHANCERY COURT HAD BROAD AUTHORITY OVER THE WELFARE OF MINORS, PARTICULARLY WHEN PROPERTY RIGHTS WERE JEOPARDIZED. PATERNALISM HAS COMPRISED THE LAW AND UNREALISTIC EXPECTATIONS WERE PLACED ON THE JUVENILE COURT. IT WAS THOUGHT THAT THE JUVENILE COURT COULD CONTROL CRIME, AND THIS HAS INTERFERED WITH BOTH THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE ROLE OF THE COURT AND ITS EFFECTIVENESS. THE CONCEPT OF FAMILY COURTS WHICH WOULD ABSORB JUVENILE CASES AS WELL AS ALL OTHER LEGAL FAMILY MATTERS IS DISCUSSED. AN IDEAL FAMILY COURT WOULD ADHERE TO LEGAL PRINCIPLES AND HAVE SUFFICIENT RESOURCES TO COPE WITH THE PROBLEMS BROUGHT BEFORE IT. IT WOULD HAVE BROAD SUBSTANTIVE AND GEOGRAPHIC JURISDICTION OVER FAMILY MATTERS, AND IT WOULD HAVE A CLEAR-CUT, STRAIGHT-LINE CHAIN OF COMMAND AND RESPONSIBILITY IN JUDICIAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS. THE COURTS, HOWEVER, CANNOT SOLVE THE PROBLEMS OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY AND CRIME BY WAITING TO HELP CHILDREN AFTER THEY HAVE COMMITTED CRIMES. A COMPREHENSIVE DELINQUENCY PREVENTION SYSTEM SHOULD BE DEVELOPED THROUGH COMMUNITY RESOURCES THAT WOULD EMPHASIZE WAYS OF MODIFYING AND IMPROVING THE PARENT-CHILD RELATIONSHIP. (DAG)
Index Term(s): Family courts; Juvenile justice system
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50134

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