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NCJ Number: 50173 Find in a Library
Title: SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH - A HANDBOOK FOR STUDENTS
Author(s): G S FERMAN; J LEVIN
Corporate Author: Halsted Press
United States of America
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 145
Sponsoring Agency: Halsted Press
New York, NY 10016
Sale Source: Halsted Press
605 Third Avenue
New York, NY 10016
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: CONCEPTS IN AND THE CONDUCT OF QUANTITATIVE SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH ARE ADDRESSED, WITH AN ORIENTATION TOWARD STUDENTS AND THEIR NEEDS.
Abstract: THE PRIMARY METHOD OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH IS BASED ON THE SYSTEMATIC OBSERVATION OF SOCIAL OR POLITICAL REALITIES. THIS EMPHASIS ON CAREFUL AND OBJECTIVE OBSERVATION SEPARATES THE APPROACH OF THE SOCIAL SCIENTIST FROM THE APPROACH OF RESEARCHERS IN NONSCIENTIFIC FIELDS. THE SOCIAL SCIENTIST IS ORIENTED TOWARD AN EMPIRICAL WORLD AND ESTABLISHES EVIDENCE BY TESTING IDEAS AGAINST EXPERIENCE, E.G., BY CONDUCTING A SURVEY OR A CONTROLLED EXPERIMENT. THE SELECTION OF A PROBLEM FOR RESEARCH IS EXAMINED, AND CRITERIA FOR PROBLEM SELECTION ARE PROVIDED. THEORETICAL ANALYSIS IN SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH IS CONSIDERED IN TERMS OF REAL AND NOMINAL DEFINITIONS OF CONCEPTS, INCREASING THE VALUE OF CONCEPTS, KINDS OF VARIABLES AND CHOOSING A VARIABLE STRATEGY, PROPOSITIONS AND CAUSE AND EFFECT RELATIONSHIPS, AND THE STRUCTURE AND EVALUATION OF THEORY. DATA COLLECTION ENCOMPASSES EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES, QUESTIONNAIRES AND INTERVIEWS, THE ART OF ASKING QUESTIONS, SAMPLING METHODS, SAMPLING CONTENT AND ANALYSIS, AND RECORDING SHEETS. TOOLS OF ANALYSIS AND PROCEDURES FOR COMPLETING A RESEARCH REPORT ARE EXAMINED. APPENDIXES CONTAIN INFORMATION ON THE USE OF COMPUTERS TO PROCESS DATA, GUIDELINES FOR USING THE IBM 29 CARD PUNCH, AND THE 1968 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION STUDY CODEBOOK. REFERENCES AND AN INDEX ARE PROVIDED. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Behavioral and Social Sciences; Behavioral science research; Data analysis; Data collections; Evaluation; Research; Research methods; Sociology
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