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NCJ Number: 50185 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: RETROSPECTIVE PRETESTING IN THE COGNITIVE DOMAIN
Journal: EVALUATION QUARTERLY  Volume:2  Issue:3  Dated:(AUGUST 1978)  Pages:481-491
Author(s): R M RIPPEY; L M GELLER; D W KING
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20852
Contract Number: NO1 PE44140
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE VALIDITY OF RETROSPECTIVE PRETESTING -- A METHOD OF INFERRING LEARNING BY USING STUDENTS' RECOLLECTIONS OF THEIR PREINSTRUCTION KNOWLEDGE IN LIEU OF ACTUAL PRETESTING -- IS EXPLORED.
Abstract: TO TEST THE VALIDITY OF RETROSPECTIVE PRETESTING IN THE EVALUATION OF EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS, TWO TESTS WERE ADMINISTERED TO PARTICIPANTS IN A SUMMER COURSE FOR AMERICAN STUDENTS WHO, HAVING ATTENDED FOREIGN MEDICAL SCHOOLS, WERE SEEKING TO TRANSFER TO SCHOOLS IN THE UNITED STATES. BEFORE AND AFTER THE COURSE, THE STUDENTS ALSO COMPLETED A SECOND TEST, WHICH INCLUDED TWO SECTIONS: (1) 46 QUESTIONS FROM THE PREVIOUSLY ADMINISTERED NATIONAL TEST; AND (2) 105 QUESTIONS BASED ON MATERIAL ACTUALLY COVERED IN THE COURSE. IN BOTH SECTIONS, STUDENTS ANSWERED EACH QUESTION TWICE: ONCE WITH THE RESPONSE THEY THOUGHT CORRECT AND ONCE AS THEY THOUGHT THEY WOULD HAVE RESPONDED BEFORE TAKING THE COURSE. ANALYSIS OF TEST RESULTS FOR 34 STUDENTS INDICATES THAT IT IS POSSIBLE TO INFER LEARNING FROM STUDENTS' RECOLLECTION OF PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE. THE VALIDITY OF RETROSPECTIVE PRETESTING SHOULD BE TESTED FURTHER IN A VARIETY OF LEARNING SITUATIONS. ONCE VALIDITY IS ESTABLISHED, RETROSPECTIVE PRETESTING MAY SOLVE THE PROBLEM OF ATTRIBUTING CHANGE TO EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS THAT ARE OPEN, LOOSELY PLANNED, OR HIGHLY RESPONSIBLE TO STUDENT NEEDS OR DEMANDS. RETROSPECTIVE PRETESTING MAY ALSO SERVE AS A SUBSTITUTE FOR MORE COSTLY TIME-SEQUENTIAL SAMPLING PROCEDURES. SUPPORTING DATA AND A LIST OF REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (LKM)
Index Term(s): Education; Evaluation; Evaluation techniques
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50185

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