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NCJ Number: 50198 Find in a Library
Title: POLICE PERSONALITY - AN ALTERNATIVE EXPLANATORY MODEL
Journal: POLICE CHIEF  Volume:45  Issue:4  Dated:(APRIL 1978)  Pages:50-52
Author(s): A VASTOLA
Corporate Author: International Assoc of Chiefs of Police
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 3
Sponsoring Agency: International Assoc of Chiefs of Police
Alexandria, VA 22314
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A SUBCULTURAL MODEL DESIGNED TO EXAMINE THE SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL PROCESSES OF POLICE AND CITIZEN INTERACTION OFFERS AN ALTERNATIVE MEANS OF STUDYING AND EXPLAINING THE POLICE PERSONALITY.
Abstract: THERE IS COMMON INTELLECTUAL AGREEMENT THAT PERSONS ENGAGED IN DIFFERENT OCCUPATIONS ARE CHARACTERIZED BY DISTINCTIVE PERSONALITY PATTERNS AND SETS OF VALUES. THE POLICE PERSONALITY HAS OFTEN BEEN CHARACTERIZED AS AUTHORITARIAN. BOTH THE PREDISPOSITIONAL MODEL, WHICH ATTEMPTS TO EXPLAIN THE POLICE PERSONALITY BY LOOKING TO PERSONALITY TRAITS OF POLICE OFFICERS PRIOR TO THEIR ENTRY INTO A LAW ENFORCEMENT CAREER, AND THE SOCIALIZATION MODEL, WHICH VIEWS THE POLICE PERSONALITY AS PRIMARILY THE RESULT OF INSTITUTIONAL INFLUENCES, HAVE BEEN WIDELY USED TO EXAMINE AND EXPLAIN THE PERSONALITY OF THE POLICE OFFICER. THESE MODELS, HOWEVER, GENERALLY FAIL TO ADEQUATELY EXPLAIN WHY THE POLICE PERSONALITY OF DIFFERENT OFFICERS CAN BE SO WIDELY DISSIMILAR BETWEEN DEPARTMENTS AND WITHIN A DEPARTMENT. THE USE OF A SUBCULTURAL MODEL FOCUSSING ON THE SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL PROCESSES OF POLICE AND CITIZEN INTERACTION IS PROPOSED AS AN ALTERNATIVE MEANS OF STUDYING AND EXPLAINING THE POLICE PERSONALITY. IT IS SUGGESTED THAT THE POLICE PERSONALITY IS LESS A PRODUCT OF PREDISPOSITIONAL FACTORS OR OCCUPATIONAL INFLUENCES, AND MORE A CONSEQUENCE OF THE UNIQUE CULTURAL EXPERIENCES IN THE OFFICER'S WORKING ENVIRONMENT. IT IS THOUGHT THAT INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES CAN BE EXPLAINED IN MORE MEANINGFUL TERMS THROUGH THE USE OF THE SUBCULTURAL MODEL. A LIST OF REFERENCES IS INCLUDED. (MPK)
Index Term(s): Interpersonal relations; Models; Personality; Personality assessment; Police attitudes; Police community relations; Psychology; Social psychology; Sociology
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50198

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