skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 50279 Find in a Library
Title: MAJOR CRIME AND REPEAT OFFENDER PROSECUTION UNIT EVALUATION REPORT
Author(s): R L VANCE
Corporate Author: Idaho Law Enforcement Planning Cmssn
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Idaho Law Enforcement Planning Cmssn
Boise, ID 83707
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Grant Number: R11-76-27
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A MAJOR CRIME AND REPEAT OFFENDER PROSECUTION UNIT IMPLEMENTED IN ADA COUNTY, IDAHO, IS EVALUATED WITH REGARD TO ITS EFFECTIVENESS IN PROCESSING CRIMINAL CASES.
Abstract: THE UNIT WAS IMPLEMENTED IN JULY 1976 TO ASSURE THAT MORE SERIOUS CRIMES AND REPEAT OFFENDER CASES WOULD RECEIVE ADEQUATE PROSECUTORIAL EMPHASIS. A PROSECUTOR, INVESTIGATOR, AND PARALEGAL ASSISTANT COOPERATED IN A TARGETED, COORDINATED EFFORT TO GAIN CONVICTIONS IN CASES INVOLVING PROPERTY CRIMES AND CRIMES AGAINST PERSONS, ESPECIALLY THOSE ATTRIBUTED TO CAREER CRIMINALS. THE NUMBER OF ADULT CRIMINAL CASES BOUND OVER FROM THE MAGISTRATE COURT TO THE DISTRICT COURT ROSE FROM 257 IN 1971 TO 560 IN 1977, AN INCREASE OF 118 PERCENT IN THE 6-YEAR PERIOD. EVALUATION OF THE UNIT REVEALED NO CASES INVOLVING PLEA BARGAINING, ALTHOUGH THERE WAS EARLY, INTENSIVE CASE PREPARATION. CONVICTIONS OCCURRED MORE FREQUENTLY AFTER THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE UNIT; A CONVICTION RATE OF 86 PERCENT ON BURGLARIES AND ROBBERIES WAS OBTAINED, AS COMPARED TO THE PRIOR YEAR'S RATE OF 72 PERCENT, WHICH INCLUDED CHARGES REDUCED THROUGH PLEA BARGAINING. DISMISSALS WERE ALSO LESS COMMON, WITH A DISMISSAL RATE OF 13 PERCENT FOR THE EVALUATION YEAR, AS COMPARED TO 19 PERCENT FOR THE YEAR BEFORE. THE ELAPSED TIME FROM ARRAIGNMENT TO CASE DISPOSITION DECREASED BY 30 PERCENT AFTER IMPLEMENTATION OF THE UNIT. SENTENCING WAS ALSO MORE SEVERE, WITH 72 PERCENT INVOLVING INCARCERATION, AS COMPARED WITH 36 PERCENT IN THE PRIOR YEAR. IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT SCREENING CRITERIA AND PRACTICES SHOULD BE REVIEWED FOR THEIR ADEQUACY AND COMPATIBILITY WITH THE UNIT, RECORDKEEPING FUNCTIONS SHOULD BE RE-EXAMINED, MORE EMPHASIS SHOULD BE PLACED ON REPEAT OFFENDERS, AND THE UTILIZATION OF AVAILABLE COMPUTER FACILITIES SHOULD BE INTENSIFIED AND EXPANDED. SUPPORTING DATA ARE PROVIDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--DEP)
Index Term(s): Convictions; Crimes against persons; Idaho; Offenses; Program evaluation; Property crimes; Prosecution; Sentencing/Sanctions
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50279

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.