skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 50288 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: ASSESSMENT OF THE SOCIAL CLIMATES OF THE OKLAHOMA COMMUNITY TREATMENT CENTERS
Author(s): G C SANDEL
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: CHANGES MADE IN OKLAHOMA'S COMMUNITY TREATMENT CENTERS FOLLOWING ADMINISTRATION OF A NATIONALLY STANDARDIZED SOCIAL CLIMATE MEASURING SCALE IN 1976 ARE DESCRIBED. SCORES ON THE SCALE IMPROVED IN 1977.
Abstract: FOLLOWING A SUMMARY OF THE RATIONALE BEHIND THE COMMUNITY TREATMENT CENTERS, USE OF THE MOOS AND WENK CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT SCALE (CIES) AS AS EVALUATION INSTRUMENT IS DESCRIBED. THE TREATMENT CENTERS HAVE SMALL STAFF-INMATE RATIOS AND ARE DESIGNED TO PROVIDE A PERIOD OF PRACTICAL GUIDED WORK EXPERIENCE COMBINED WITH EXTENSIVE COUNSELING DURING AN INMATE'S LAST FEW MONTHS OF THE PRISON TERM. THE INMATES PAY NEARLY A THIRD OF THE COSTS OF THEIR INCARCERATION AT THE CENTER, PAY TAXES, AND HELP SUPPORT THEIR FAMILIES. IN 1976 THE CIES WAS GIVEN TO 221 MALE RESIDENTS IN THE 5 (AT THAT TIME) TREATMENT CENTERS. RESPONSES SHOWED THAT THE CENTERS WERE NOT PROVIDING ADEQUATE COUNSELING. AN EFFORT WAS MADE TO IMPROVE THE COUNSELING COMPONENT OF THE PROGRAM. AT THE SAME TIME THREE ADDITIONAL CENTERS WERE OPENED. IN 1977 THE CIES WAS ADMINISTERED TO 342 RESIDENTS OF THE 8 TREATMENT CENTERS. ONE OF THESE NEW CENTERS WAS USING AN EXPERIMENTAL GOAL-ORIENTED APPROACH. THE 'SUPPORT' AND 'PRACTICAL ORIENTATION' SUBSCALE SCORES WERE SIGNIFICANTLY IMPROVED, AND THE CENTER USING THE POSITIVE GOAL REINFORCEMENT PROGRAM HAD THE HIGHEST SCORES OF ALL. THESE RESULTS SUGGEST THAT THE IMPROVEMENTS MADE IN THE COUNSELING PROGRAM DURING 1977 HAD SOME EFFECT AND THAT THE POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT PROGRAM PRODUCED A DISTINCTLY DIFFERENT AND IMPROVED SOCIAL CLIMATE. GRAPHS SUMMARIZE SURVEY DATA. REFERENCES ARE APPENDED. (GLR)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community-based corrections (adult); Counseling; Evaluation; Oklahoma; Prerelease centers
Note: PRESENTED AT THE SOUTHWESTERN SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION MEETINGS, HOUSTON, TEXAS, APRIL 12-15, 1978
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50288

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.