skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 50294 Find in a Library
Title: SYSTEM FOR COMPUTER-AIDED PROBATION DECISION-MAKING
Journal: JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN CRIME AND DELINQUENCY  Volume:6  Issue:2  Dated:(1969)  Pages:184-198
Author(s): A W MCEACHERN; J R NEWMAN
Corporate Author: Carter Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: 1969
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Carter Ctr
Atlanta, GA 30307
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE APPLICATION OF DECISIONMAKING THEORY AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY TO THE PROCESS OF JUVENILE PROBATION IS DETAILED.
Abstract: THE MAIN THESIS OF THE PAPER IS THAT THE FORMAL THEORY OF DECISIONMAKING CAN BE APPLIED TO PROBLEMS OF CORRECTIONAL DECISIONS AND, IN PARTICULAR, TO PROBATION DECISIONS. AT EACH DECISION POINT, IT IS ASSUMED THAT DECISIONMAKERS (PROBATION OFFICERS) USE ALL AVAILABLE RELEVANT INFORMATION TO REACH A DECISION ABOUT JUVENILES. THE DECISION MODEL USES TWO SETS OF CRITERION CATEGORIES: THE NUMBER OF OFFENSES AFTER PROBATION DISPOSITION (RECIDIVISM) AND A MEASURE THAT RATES YOUTH ON A BEHAVIOR IMPROVEMENT-DETERIORATION SCALE. AN ONLINE EXPERIMENTAL COMPUTER SYSTEM DESIGNED TO IMPROVE THE PROBATION PROCESS HAS BEEN DEVELOPED. IT IS KNOWN AS SIMBAD (SIMULATION AS A BASIS FOR SOCIAL AGENT DECISIONS) AND ALLOWS INFORMATION ABOUT EACH YOUTH TO BE COMBINED AND PRESENTED TO PROBATION OFFICERS AT THEIR REQUEST. THE BASIS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SYSTEM INVOLVED DATA OBTAINED ON 2,290 JUVENILES REFERRED TO PROBATION DEPARTMENTS IN SEVEN CALIFORNIA COUNTIES. ONE COMPONENT OF THE SYSTEM IS A BAYESIAN DECISION MODEL INTENDED TO REDUCE THE UNCERTAINTY OF PROBATION DECISIONMAKERS BY ALLOWING THEN TO SELECT WHATEVER DISPOSITION-TREATMENT ALTERNATIVE WILL HAVE THE HIGHEST PROBABILITY OF SUCCESS. SUPPORTING DATA ON THE CALIFORNIA STUDY AND EQUATIONS EMPLOYED IN THE COMPUTER-AIDED PROBATION DECISIONMAKING MODEL ARE PROVIDED. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Automation; Computer software; Computers; Decisionmaking; Judicial diversion; Juvenile probation; Juvenile Recidivism
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50294

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.