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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 50295 Find in a Library
Title: COCAINE AND THE CRIMINAL SANCTION
Journal: JOURNAL OF DRUG ISSUES  Volume:7  Issue:2  Dated:(SPRING 1977)  Pages:93-101
Author(s): J L ZENTNER
Corporate Author: Journal of Drug Issues
Editor
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: Journal of Drug Issues
Tallahassee, FL 32315
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: STRUCTURES AND METHODS OF SOCIAL ORGANIZATION ARE EXAMINED IN RELATION TO COCAINE AND THE CRIMINAL SANCTION.
Abstract: CRIMINAL LAW IS CONCERNED WITH THE PURSUIT OF HUMAN OBJECTIVES THROUGH STRUCTURES AND METHODS OF SOCIAL ORGANIZATION. CONCERN HAS BEEN EXPRESSED OVER WHETHER CERTAIN KINDS OF BEHAVIOR SHOULD BE CONTROLLED BY PUNISHING INDIVIDUALS IN VIOLATION OF RULES OF CONDUCT THAT ARE EMBODIED IN CRIMINAL STATUTES. A MAJOR ISSUE IS WHETHER APPLICATION OF THE CRIMINAL SANCTION IS EFFECTIVE IN DETERRING ILLICIT DRUG USE, INCLUDING COCAINE. THE CHARACTERISTICS AND EFFECTS OF COCAINE ARE DESCRIBED, AND LEGISLATION IN THE UNITED STATES TO CURB THE USE OF THE DRUG IS REVIEWED. COCAINE IS CLASSIFIED UNDER PROVISIONS OF THE COMPREHENSIVE DRUG ABUSE PREVENTION AND CONTROL ACT OF 1970 AS A SCHEDULE II DRUG TOGETHER WITH OPIUM, CERTAIN PROCESSED OPIATES, AND AMPHETAMINES. UNDER FEDERAL LAW, SIMPLE POSSESSION OF COCAINE IS PUNISHABLE BY A PRISON SENTENCE OF UP TO 1 YEAR AND A FINE OF UP TO $1,000. THE MANUFACTURE AND DISTRIBUTION OF COCAINE OR POSSESSION WITH INTENT TO DISTRIBUTE ARE PUNISHABLE BY MUCH LARGER PRISON SENTENCES AND FINES. IT IS FELT THAT A POLICY OF SEEKING TO PROHIBIT THE RECREATIONAL USE OF COCAINE THROUGH THE APPLICATION OF CRIMINAL SANCTIONS IS MISGUIDED. REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Cocaine; Criminal codes; Criminology; Drug abuse; Drug regulation; Social organization; Sociology
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50295

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