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NCJ Number: 50313 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: POTENTIAL FOR CORRUPTION
Author(s): M JOUTSEN
Corporate Author: National Research Institute of Legal Policy
Finland
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 81
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
National Research Institute of Legal Policy
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: Finland
Annotation: THE ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE OF A FINNISH COMMUNE IS EXAMINED TO DETERMINE THE POINTS AT WHICH THE OPPORTUNITY FOR CORRUPTION IS GREATEST AND REMEDIES WHICH CAN REDUCE THE POTENTIAL FOR CORRUPTION.
Abstract: THIS PAPER IS DIVIDED INTO A BACKGROUND SECTION, WHICH DISCUSSES THE THEORY OF CORRUPTION AND DESCRIBES ACTUAL CASES DEALT WITH BY THE COURTS OF FINLAND, AND A CASE STUDY OF A TYPICAL COMMUNE. THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE COMMUNE IS EXAMINED FROM THE TOP DOWN AND THE POTENTIAL FOR CORRUPTION IS EXAMINED AT EACH LEVEL. THE STUDY IS ILLUSTRATED WITH STORIES OF ACTUAL CASES, ONLY A FEW OF WHICH ORIGINATED IN THE SAMPLE COMMUNE. CONTROLS INSTITUTED IN THE COMMUNE WHICH PREVENTED CORRUPTION ARE DISCUSSED. THE EFFECTS OF CORRUPTION ARE DESCRIBED; THE MOST SERIOUS IS CALLED LOSS OF CONFIDENCE IN THE SYSTEM. POSSIBLE BARRIERS AGAINST CORRUPTION ARE DIVIDED INTO THOSE DIRECTED AT OPPORTUNITY, THOSE DIRECTED AT THE MOTIVATION BEHIND THE OFFENSE, AND THOSE INVOLVING THE DEFINITION OF THE OFFENSE. FOR AN OFFENSE TO TAKE PLACE, ALL INVOLVED MUST AGREE THAT THE ACTION IS ILLEGAL; THIS IS THE PURPOSE OF CODES OF CONDUCT. IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT ALL GOVERNMENTAL BODIES DEVELOP SUCH A CODE. THE FINAL SECTION COMPARES SWEDISH AND FINNISH LAWS ON CORRUPTION. APPENDIXES CONTAIN SUMMARIES OF CASES REFERRED TO IN THE TEXT, A RECOMMENDED CODE OF CONDUCT, AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY WITH REFERENCES IN ENGLISH, FINNISH AND SWEDISH. (GLR)
Index Term(s): Code of ethics; Comparative analysis; Corruption of public officials; Crime prevention measures; Finland; Moral development; Sweden; White collar crime; White collar offenders
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50313

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