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NCJ Number: 50335 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: DESIGN FOR SAFE NEIGHBORHOODS - THE ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY PLANNING AND DESIGN PROCESS
Author(s): R A GARDINER
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 93
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
US Dept of Housing and Urban Development
Washington, DC 20410
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Contract Number: J-LEAA-011-77
Sale Source: Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY (E/S) PLANNING APPROACH, BASED ON THE THESIS THAT THE DESIGN AND ORGANIZATION OF THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT PLAY A PRIMARY ROLE IN PROVIDING THE OPPORTUNITIES FOR CRIMINAL ACTS, IS DESCRIBED.
Abstract: E/S IS AN URBAN PLANNING AND DESIGN PROCESS WHICH INTEGRATES CRIME PREVENTION WITH NEIGHBORHOOD DESIGN AND URBAN REDEVELOPMENT. FOLLOWING A DISCUSSION OF HOW CRIME CAN ESCALATE IN A NEIGHBORHOOD, THE MAJOR HISTORICAL MODELS OF ENVIRONMENTAL CRIME PREVENTION INITIATIVES THAT HAVE PRECEDED E/S ARE EXAMINED. SUBSEQUENT SECTIONS EXAMINE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CRIME AND THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT, THE CRIME-ENVIRONMENT PHENOMENON (A CAUSAL CONDITION REFLECTING THE DYNAMIC INTERCHANGE BETWEEN PEOPLE AND THEIR ENVIRONMENT), AND THE E/S CONCEPTUAL MODEL. THE BASIC THEORIES OF E/S AND THEIR RELATIONSHIPS ARE DETAILED IN A CONCEPTUAL DIAGRAM. THE EIGHT STEPS IN THE E/S TECHNICAL PLANNING PROCESS ARE DESCRIBED, ALONG WITH HOW AN E/S PROJECT CAN BE FUNDED, ORGANIZED, AND APPLIED. FINALLY, FOUR CASE STUDIES ARE PRESENTED: THE HARTFORD, CONN., CRIME PREVENTION PROGRAM, WHICH RESULTED IN A 42-PERCENT REDUCTION IN RESIDENTIAL BURGLARY; THE ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY PLAN AND PROGRAM FOR THE SOUTH LOOP NEW TOWN IN CHICAGO, ILL.; AND EXISTING E/S EFFORTS IN ST. LOUIS, MO., AND OAK PARK, ILL. REFERENCES AND GRAPHIC ILLUSTRATIONS ARE PROVIDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Community crime prevention programs; Environmental design; Physical crime prevention; Urban planning
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50335

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