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NCJ Number: 50350 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: DELINQUENCY AND THE SCHIZOPHRENIC SPECTRUM OF DISORDERS
Journal: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF CHILD PSYCHIATRY  Volume:17  Issue:2  Dated:SPECIAL ISSUE (SPRING 1978)  Pages:263-276
Author(s): D O LEWIS; S S SHANOK
Corporate Author: Yale University Press
92a Yale Station
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Ford Foundation
New York, NY 10017
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Yale University
New Haven, CT 06510
Yale University Press
New Haven, CT 06520
Grant Number: 775-0512; 76AE418003X
Sale Source: Yale University
Child Study Ctr
333 Cedar Street
New Haven, CT 06510
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS PAPER HYPOTHESIZES THAT A RELATIONSHIP EXISTS BETWEEN SOME DELINQUENCY AND THE SCHIZOPHRENIC SPECTRUM OF DISORDERS, BASED ON A REVIEW OF CLINICAL AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES OF CHILDREN AND PARENTS.
Abstract: SYMPTOMATOLOGY OBSERVED IN CLINICAL STUDIES OF CHILDREN, INCLUDING HALLUCINATIONS, DELUSIONS, AND EXTREME PARANOIA, HAVE LED TO THE EXPLORATION OF A POSSIBLE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN DELINQUENCY AND SCHIZOPHRENIA. MANY PARENTS OF DELINQUENT CHILDREN SUFFER FROM SERIOUS PSYCHOPATHOLOGY OTHER THAN SOCIOPATHY OR ALCOHOLISM. SOME EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES INDICATE THAT PARENTS OF DELINQUENT CHILDREN ARE SIGNIFICANTLY MORE LIKELY TO BE PSYCHIATRICALLY HOSPITALIZED AND/OR TREATED THAN A DEMOGRAPHICALLY SIMILAR SAMPLE OF THE GENERAL POPULATION. PSYCHIATRICALLY TREATED FATHERS TEND TO MARRY PSYCHIATRICALLY TREATED MOTHERS, AND FATHERS WITH CRIMINAL RECORDS TEND TO GRAVITATE TOWARD PSYCHIATRICALLY TREATED MOTHERS. MANY PARENTS OF DELINQUENTS ARE PSYCHIATRICALLY IMPAIRED TO A SERIOUS EXTENT, AND BOTH PARENTS OFTEN DEMONSTRATE BEHAVIOR SUGGESTIVE OF A SCHIZOPHRENIC DISORDER. A STUDY OF THE PREVALENCE OF DELINQUENCY IN THE CHILDREN OF A SAMPLE OF 223 INDIVIDUALS TWICE DIAGNOSED AS SCHIZOPHRENIC WAS CONDUCTED. THIS SAMPLE WAS COMPARED WITH A RANDOM SAMPLE OF 491 DEMOGRAPHICALLY COMPARABLE INDIVIDUALS FROM THE SAME GEOGRAPHIC AREA WHO HAD NOT BEEN DIAGNOSED AS SCHIZOPHRENIC. OF SCHIZOPHRENICS, 17 PERCENT HAD A CHILD KNOWN TO THE JUVENILE COURT AS COMPARED WITH 6 PERCENT OF THE NONSCHIZOPHRENIC GROUP. SIMILAR DIFFERENCES WERE NOTED WHEN THE GROUPS WERE SUBDIVIDED AND ANALYZED BY SEX AND RACE. FAMILY STUDIES ON DELINQUENCY AND SCHIZOPHRENIA AND INVESTIGATIONS OF NONGENETIC FACTORS INFLUENCING DELINQUENCY AND SCHIZOPHRENIA ARE REVIEWED. REFERENCES ARE INLCUDED. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Family histories; Juvenile delinquency factors; Mental disorders; Psychiatry; Psychological research; Psychological theories; Psychology; Psychopaths
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