skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 50387 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: STUDY OF LEGAL CHANGE - THE SURVEY AND RELATED METHODS
Author(s): M SILBERMAN
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: IN ORDER TO SHOW HOW SURVEY AND RELATED METHODS CAN BE USED IN THE STUDY OF LEGAL CHANGE, EMPHASIS IS PLACED ON MOBILIZATION OF THE LEGAL PROFESSION IN RESOLVING PRIVATE DISPUTES AND CIVIL-LEGAL PROBLEMS.
Abstract: BY CONDUCTING AT LEAST TWO SURVEYS AT DIFFERENT POINTS IN TIME IN THE SAME POPULATION, IT IS POSSIBLE TO DISCOVER HOW CHANGES IN DEMOGRAPHIC AND OTHER VARIABLES OVER TIME AFFECT CHANGES IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF LEGAL PROBLEMS AND THE USE OF LAWYERS AND TO SPECIFY HOW THE PROCESS BY WHICH THE LEGAL PROFESSION IS MOBILIZED CHANGES OVER TIME. COHORT ANALYSIS AND ECONOMETRICS CONSTITUTE THE PROPOSED METHODOLOGY FOR THE STUDY OF LEGAL CHANGE. THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF THE QUANTITATIVE STUDY OF LAW ARE EXPLORED, AND AN ATTEMPT IS MADE TO SHOW HOW COHORT ANALYSIS CAN BE USED TO EVALUATE CHANGES IN THE LEGAL PROCESS. SINCE IT IS LIKELY THAT THE EXISTING DISTRIBUTION OF LEGAL PROBLEMS IS A PRODUCT OF STRONG COHORT AND AGING EFFECTS, SERIOUS QUESTIONS ARE RAISED ABOUT INTERPRETATIONS OF DATA ON LEGAL PROBLEMS. IT IS DIFFICULT TO DETERMINE WHETHER CORRELATES OF REPORTED LEGAL PROBLEMS ARE CORRELATES OF ACTUAL INCIDENCE RATES OR CORRELATES OF PERCEPTION, OR BOTH. A SIMPLIFIED MODEL OF THE LEGAL PROCESS THAT INVOLVES TWO EXOGENOUS INDEPENDENT VARIABLES (EDUCATION AND INCOME) AND TWO ENDOGENOUS, DICHOTOMOUS DEPENDENT VARIABLES (OCCURRENCE OF A LEGAL PROBLEM AND USE OF A LAWYER) IS DETAILED. THE MODEL IS SEQUENTIAL IN NATURE BECAUSE IT ASSUMES THAT LEGAL PROBLEMS OCCUR PRIOR TO THE DECISION TO OBTAIN LEGAL ASSISTANCE. TWO KINDS OF LEGAL CHANGE IMPLIED IN THE MODEL ARE THE CHANGE IN THE RATE AT WHICH LEGAL ASSISTANCE IS SOUGHT FOR GIVEN LEGAL PROBLEMS AND CHANGES EXTERNAL TO THE LEGAL SYSTEM. A COMBINED STRATEGY INVOLVING COHORT ANALYSIS AND THE SEQUENTIAL MODEL IS DISCUSSED. REFERENCES AND SUPPORTING DATA ARE INCLUDED. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Citizen legal problems; Legal aid services; Statistical analysis; Surveys
Note: PRESENTED AT THE 2ND NATIONAL MEETING OF THE LAW AND SOCIETY ASSOCIATION, MAY 1978
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50387

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.