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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 50438 Find in a Library
Title: CRIME, CORRECTION, AND SOCIETY - INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINOLOGY, 4TH ED
Author(s): E H JOHNSON
Corporate Author: Dorsey Press
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 629
Sponsoring Agency: Dorsey Press
Chicago, IL 60604
Sale Source: Dorsey Press
224 South Michigan Ave.
Chicago, IL 60604
United States of America
Type: Overview Text
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE TEXT DESCRIBES CRIME AND SOCIAL CONTROL AND OUTLINES THE FIELD OF CRIMINOLOGY. EXPLANATIONS OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR ARE OFFERED. THE ADMINISTRATION OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND NATURE OF CORRECTIONS ARE EXAMINED.
Abstract: CRIME IS DESCRIBED IN RELATION TO SOCIAL NORMS, AND THE CONCEPTS OF INDIVIDUAL DEVIATION AND SYSTEM-INDUCED CRIME ARE ADDRESSED. CITIZENS' REACTIONS TO CRIME AND THE VALIDITY OF INFORMATION ON CRIME ARE CONSIDERED. INFORMAL AND FORMAL SOCIAL CONTROL ARE DISCUSSED ALONG WITH THE WAYS IN WHICH LAW MAINTAINS SOCIAL ORDER. A DISCUSSION OF THE NATURE OF CRIMINOLOGY IS INCLUDED, AND EMERGING CHANGES IN CRIMINOLOGICAL THEORY ARE DESCRIBED. THEORIES OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR THAT HAVE SHAPED CRIMINAL JUSTICE POLICY INCLUDE NORMATIVE, STRUCTURAL, AND BEHAVIORAL (BIOGENIC, PSYCHOGENIC, AND SOCIOGENIC) EXPLANATIONS. CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR SYSTEMS ARE DISCUSSED. ADMINISTRATION OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE INVOLVES AN EXAMINATION OF SYSTEMS, PATTERNS, AND IDEOLOGIES INFLUENCING CRIMINAL JUSTICE WORK AND THE FUNCTIONS OF THE POLICE, THE COURTS, AND JAILS. THE HISTORY OF CORRECTIONAL PRACTICES IS TRACED, AND THE INMATE SOCIAL SYSTEM IS EXAMINED. THE CUSTODIAL PRISON AND THE TREATMENT INSTITUTION REPRESENT CONTRASTING THEORIES OF CORRECTIONS. THE RELATIONSHIP IS EXPLORED THAT EXISTS BETWEEN THE COMMUNITY AND THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IN TERMS OF PREVENTION AND PREVENTION PROGRAMS, THE IMPACT OF CORRECTIONS ON THE COMMUNITY, AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM. A PREFACE, SUMMARY, AND LIST OF REFERENCES ACCOMPANY EACH CHAPTER. A NAME AND SUBJECT INDEX ARE PROVIDED. (DAG)
Index Term(s): Behavior typologies; Corrections; Courts; Criminal justice overview texts; Criminology; Police; Problem behavior; Social control theory; Theory
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50438

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