skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 50452 Find in a Library
Title: SOME EFFECTS OF NICOTINIC AND ASCORBIC ACIDS ON THE BEHAVIOR OF INSTITUTIONALIZED JUVENILE DELINQUENTS (FROM ECOLOGIC-BIOCHEMICAL APPROACHES TO TREATMENT OF DELINQUENTS..., 1978, BY L J HIPPCHEN - SEE NCJ-50444)
Author(s): M E WARE
Corporate Author: Van Nostrand Reinhold
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: Van Nostrand Reinhold
New York, NY 10020
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS REPORT SUMMARIZES FINDNGS WHICH LED RESEARCHERS TO BELIEVE THAT MEGAVITAMIN THEORY MIGHT BENEFIT DELINQUENT YOUTHS. DETAILS ARE PRESENTED OF A PILOT STUDY OF 45 BOYS IN A VIRGINIA STATE INSTITUTION.
Abstract: THE VIRGINIA STUDY WAS INSPIRED BY THE WORK OF HOFFER AND OSMOND WITH SCHIZOPHRENIC CHILDREN WHICH SUGGESTED THAT CHILDREN WITH SUBNORMAL LEVELS OF ASCORBIC ACID (VITAMIN C) AND NIACINAMID (VITAMIN B-3) SUFFERED PERCEPTUAL DISTORTION AND INDULGED IN VIOLENT, ACTING-OUT BEHAVIOR. THE URINE ANALYSES ON THESE CHILDREN, THE DEVELOPMENT OF A DIAGNOSTIC INSTRUMENT, AND THEORIES RESULTING FROM THE HOFFER AND OSMOND STUDY ON CHEMICAL CHANGES IN THE BRAIN CAUSED BY VITAMIN DEFICIENCIES ARE REVIEWED IN DETAIL. ISOLATION OF THE MALVARIAN FACTOR, A MAUVE SPOT IN THE URINE, WAS USED BY HOFFER, MAHON, O'REILLY, AND OTHERS IN WIDESPREAD SCREENINGS OF MENTAL PATIENTS, INCARCERATED ADULTS, AND JUVENILE DELINQUENTS. THEY FOUND THAT PERSONS DISPLAYING THE MALVARIAN FACTOR ALSO SHOWED PERCEPTUAL ABNORMALITIES AND ACTING-OUT BEHAVIOR. SUCH FINDINGS SUGGESTED THAT LARGE DOSES OF VITAMINS C AND B-3 MIGHT HAVE POSITIVE BENEFITS IN TREATING BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS. THE VIRGINIA STUDY SCREENED 100 DELINQUENT BOYS, AGED 16-18, AT THE BEAUMONT, VIRGINIA, SCHOOL FOR BOYS AND SELECTED 60 TO PARTICIPATE IN THE EXPERIMENT. THE TREATMENT GROUP RECEIVED 1 GRAM EACH OF VITAMIN C AND OF VITAMIN B-3, THE PLACEBO GROUP RECEIVED IDENTICAL SUGAR PILLS, AND THE CONTROL GROUP RECEIVED NOTHING. OVER THE COURSE OF THE 6-WEEK STUDY PERIOD 15 BOYS LEFT THE STUDY, AND THE REMAINING 45 BOYS HAD THEIR BEHAVIOR EVALUATED BY COUNSELORS POSSESSING NO KNOWLEDGE OF THE COMPOSITION OF THE TREATMENT GROUPS. THOSE RECEIVING THE VITAMINS SHOWED SIGNIFICANT BEHAVIORAL IMPROVEMENT, THOSE RECEIVING THE PLACEBO SHOWED A MINOR BEHAVIORAL IMPROVEMENT, AND THE CONTROL GROUP DISPLAYED WORSE BEHAVIOR. A FULL-SCALE EXPERIMENT WAS PLANNED UTILIZING THE URINE TESTS BUT COULD NOT BE CARRIED OUT BECAUSE THE STAFF PSYCHIATRIST WAS CONCERNED ABOUT THE SAFETY OF VITAMIN THERAPY. SUCH A FULL-SCALE ARE PROVIDED. (GLR) ARE PROVIDED. (GLR)
Index Term(s): Biological influences; Dietary influences on behavior; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile Delinquency prevention theory; Male juvenile delinquents; Studies; Violence; Virginia
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50452

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.