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NCJ Number: 50626 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: INTERACTION OF SETTING AND PREDISPOSITION IN EXPLAINING NOVEL BEHAVIOR - DRUG INITIATIONS BEFORE, IN, AND AFTER VIETNAM (FROM LONGITUDINAL RESEARCH ON DRUG USE, 1978, BY DENISE B KENDAL - SEE NCJ-50619)
Author(s): L N RUBINS
Corporate Author: Hemisphere Publishing Corp
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Hemisphere Publishing Corp
Bristol, PA 19007
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20852
Grant Number: DA 01120; MH 18864; DA 4RG008
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE DRUG USE EXPERIENCES INVOLVING HEROIN, MARIHUANA, AMPHETAMINES, AND BARBITURATES OF VIETNAM VETERANS AND NONVETERANS ARE COMPARED IN A STUDY OF ASSOCIATIONS AMONG PREDISPOSITION, SETTING, AND INITIATION OF DRUG USE.
Abstract: RANDOM SAMPLES WERE SELECTED FROM ARMY-ENLISTED MALES WHO RETURNED FROM VIETNAM IN SEPTEMBER 1971 AND FROM A LIST OF MEN RETURNING THAT MONTH FOR WHOM URINE ANALYSIS INDICATED HEROIN USE. INITIAL INTERVIEWS WERE CONDUCTED WITH 943 MEN. FOLLOWUP INTERVIEWS WERE CONDUCTED WITH APPROXIMATELY TWO-THIRDS OF THE SOLDIERS AFTER THEY HAD BEEN HOME FOR 3 YEARS. INTERVIEWS WERE ALSO CONDUCTED WITH A MATCHED SAMPLE OF NONVETERANS. URINE SAMPLES WERE ANALYZED TO VERIFY SELF-REPORTS ABOUT DRUG BEHAVIOR. PREDISPOSITION FACTORS CONSIDERED INCLUDE DEMOGRAPHIC TRAITS SUCH AS RACE, SIZE OF CITY OF REARING, AND AGE AFFECTING DEGREE OF EXPOSURE TO DRUG OPPORTUNITIES PRIOR TO MILITARY SERVICE AND PRESERVICE DEVIANCE. DESPITE UNEXPECTED DIFFERENCES IN DRUG USE BASELINE MEASURES FOR EXPERIMENTAL SUBJECTS AND MATCHED CONTROLS, THE ANALYSIS SUGGESTS THAT THE VIETNAM SETTING PROMOTED INITIATION OF THE USE OF NARCOTICS AND MARIHUANA BUT NOT OF BARBITURATES AND AMPHETAMINES. THERE WAS A TEMPORARY REDUCTION IN INITIATIONS OF MARIHUANA AND NARCOTICS USE AMONG VETERANS IMMEDIATELY UPON RETURN FROM VIETNAM, FOLLOWED BY A LATER REBOUND. THIS FINDING SUGGESTS THAT THE VIETNAM SETTING FACILITATED INTRODUCTIONS TO THESE DRUGS SO THAT ALMOST ALL THOSE PREDISPOSED TO USE DURING THAT TIME PERIOD WERE SUFFICIENTLY EXPOSED, LEAVING A TEMPORARILY 'IMMUNE' POPULATION AMONG RETURNING SOLDIERS. FURTHER SUPPORT FOR THE CHANGE IN SETTING EFFECT IS FOUND IN THE FACT THAT THE VIETNAM EXPOSURE HAD BOTH A PERMANENT EFFECT ON NUMBER OF USERS AND A POSTSETTING 'IMMUNITY' EFFECT FOR TWO CLASSES OF DRUGS KNOWN TO BE AVAILABLE IN VIETNAM, BUT NOT FOR OTHER DRUGS. RATHER THAN EQUALIZING THE DRUG EXPERIENCES OF MEN FROM DIFFERENT SOCIAL AND BEHAVIORAL BACKGROUNDS, EASY ACCESS TO NARCOTICS IN VIETNAM SEEMED TO INCREASE THEIR PREEXISTING DIFFERENCES. RELATIVE TO NARCOTIC AND MARIHUANA USE, A SETTING WIH GREATER OPPORTUNITIES TO EXPRESS DEVIANT BEHAVIOR INCREASED THE IMPACT OF PRIOR PREDISPOSITIONS TO DEVIANCE. SUPPORTING DATA AND A LIST OF REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (LKM)
Index Term(s): Amphetamines; Barbiturates; Behavioral science research; Drug abuse; Drug abuse causes; Drug research; Heroin; Marijuana; Republic of Vietnam; Studies; US Armed Forces; Veterans; Vietnam; Young Adults (18-24)
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50626

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