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NCJ Number: 50635 Find in a Library
Title: ASSESSMENT OF ADDICTIVE BEHAVIORS (FROM HANDBOOK OF BEHAVIOR ASSESSMENT, 1977, BY ANTHONY R CIMINERO ET AL - SEE NCJ-50634)
Author(s): P M MILLER
Corporate Author: John Wiley and Sons
Managing Editor
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 31
Sponsoring Agency: John Wiley and Sons
New York, NY 10158
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: METHODS OF BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT IN THE FIELDS OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE, INCLUDING LABORATORY ANALOG MEASURES AND IN VIVO MEASURES, ARE DETAILED.
Abstract: LABORATORY ANALOG MEASURES INVOLVE OPERANT MEASURES, TASTE RATING TASKS, PHYSIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT, AND AD LIB SUBSTANCE USE IN LABORATORIES OR IN SIMULATED NATURAL ENVIRONMENTS. IN VIVO MEASURES ENCOMPASS INDIRECT ASSESSMENTS OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE BY URINALYSIS, BLOOD SAMPLING, AND BREATH ANALYZER TESTS. ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT USES OF STRATEGIES FOR BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT IS THE EVALUATION OF THE THERAPEUTIC EFFICACY OF ALCOHOLISM AND DRUG ABUSE INTERVENTION PROGRAMS. FURTHER DEVELOPMENT AND REFINEMENT OF BEHAVIOR ASSESSMENT IS CRUCIAL FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF RESEARCH IN SUBSTANCE ABUSE. BOTH LABORATORY ANALOG AND IN VIVO PROCEDURES HAVE THEIR ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES, AND POSSIBLY A COMBINATION OF BOTH PROCEDURES MAY BE BENEFICIAL. COMBINED USE MAY ALLOW THE COMPARISON OF VARIOUS ASSESSMENT PROCEDURES WITH RESPECT TO THEIR CLINICAL FEASIBILITY. LABORATORY ANALOG PROCEDURES ARE PARTICULARLY USEFUL IN EVALUATING THE EFFICACY OF TREATMENT STRATEGIES WITHIN A SINGLE-CASE DESIGN EXPERIMENT, SINCE THEIR QUANTITATIVE NATURE MAKES THEM SENSITIVE TO RELATIVELY SMALL CHANGES IN BEHAVIOR. IN VIVO ASSESSMENT PROCEDURES APPEAR TO BE USEFUL IN EXAMINING LONG TERM OUTPATIENT EFFECTS OF A TOTAL TREATMENT REGIME. AVERSION THERAPIES, OPERANT CONDITIONING, TRAINING IN ALTERNATIVE BEHAVIORS, AND COMPREHENSIVE BEHAVIOR PROGRAMS ARE DISCUSSED. POSSIBLE LIMITATIONS OF BEHAVIOR ASSESSMENT TECHNIQUES ARE NOTED. REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Alcohol detoxification; Alcoholics; Alcoholism; Behavior; Behavioral science research; Drug abuse; Drug treatment programs; Evaluation; Psychological evaluation
Note: PRESENTED AT THE MEETING OF THE SOUTHEASTERN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, ATLANTA (GA), 1975
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50635

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