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NCJ Number: 50638 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: ALCOHOL AND CRIME (FROM ALCOHOL, CASUALTIES AND CRIME, 1977, BY MARC AARENS ET AL - SEE NCJ-50636)
Author(s): J ROIZEN; D SCHNEBERK
Corporate Author: University of California, Berkeley
School of Public Health
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 167
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CA 94720
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: LITERATURE ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CRIME AND DRINKING IS EXAMINED WITH REGARD TO DRINKING PROBLEMS OF CRIMINAL OFFENDERS AND CRIME PROBLEMS OF LABELED ALCOHOLICS.
Abstract: ALTHOUGH THERE IS NO SIMPLE FORMULA TO BE USED IN ESTIMATING THE PROPORTION OF CRIMES TO WHICH DRINKING HAS CONTRIBUTED, THERE IS VALUE IN REVIEWING EMPIRICAL DATA ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ALCOHOL AND CRIME. ATTRIBUTING CRIMINAL EVENTS TO ALCOHOL MEANS MOVING BEYOND ASSOCIATIONAL RESEARCH TO CRITERIA THAT DISTINGUISH ALCOHOL-PRESENT EVENTS FROM EVENTS IN WHICH ALCOHOL PLAYS A CONTRIBUTORY OR CAUSAL ROLE. STUDIES DESCRIBING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DRINKING AND CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR ARE REVIEWED. METHODOLOGICAL CONSTRAINTS ON THE MEASUREMENT OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR AND ON REPORTED DRINKING INVOLVEMENT ARE DISCUSSED. LITERATURE IN FOUR OTHER AREAS IS EXPORED: (1) ALCOHOL IN CRIMINAL EVENTS BASED ON POLICE CASE DATA (ROBBERY, RAPE, ASSAULT, AND HOMICIDE), (2) ALCOHOL IN CRIMINAL EVENTS BASED ON PRISON DATA, (3) DRINKING PROBEMS OF CRIMINAL OFFENDERS, AND (4) CRIMINAL CAREERS OF LABELED ALCOHOLICS, (CRIMINAL RECORDS OF CHRONIC INEBRIATE OFFENDERS AND SAMPLES DRAWN FROM ALCOHOLISM TREATMENT CENTERS OR HOSPITALS). EXPLANATIONS OF ALCOHOL'S ROLE IN CRIMINAL EVENTS ARE OFFERED. A BIBLIOGRAPHY IS PROVIDED. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Alcohol-crime relationship; Alcoholics; Alcoholism; Offenders
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50638

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