skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 50669 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: MILL (FROM INSTITUTE OF CONTEMPORARY CORRECTIONS AND THE BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES, 12TH ANNUAL INTERAGENCY WORKSHOP PROCEEDINGS, 1977 - SEE NCJ-50660)
Author(s): W SEALS
Corporate Author: Sam Houston State University
Criminal Justice Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sam Houston State University
Huntsville, TX 77340
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE DEPERSONALIZATION OF CLIENTS IN 'PEOPLE-HANDLING' INSTITUTIONS ARE DISCUSSED, WITH PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM, AND SUGGESTIONS FOR COMBATING THIS TREND ARE OFFERED.
Abstract: 'INSTITUTIONALISM' AND 'CAREERISM' ARE CITED AS PRINCIPAL FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE DEPERSONALIZATION OF CLIENTS IN THE OPERATION OF 'PEOPLE-HANDLING' INSTITUTIONS. 'INSTITUTIONALISM' OCCURS WHEN A BUREAUCRACY NO LONGER GIVES PRIORITY CONCERN TO MEETING CLIENTS' NEEDS AND TURNS INWARD UPON ITSELF TO NOURISH AND MAINTAIN A FORM SUITABLE TO ITS OWN COLLECTIVE NEEDS. 'CAREERISM' INVOLVES STAFF MEMBERS' PREOCCUPATIONS WITH THEIR OWN CAREER ADVANCEMENT SUCH THAT TIME INVESTMENTS AND INVOLVEMENT IN CLIENT CONCERNS BECOME DOMINATED BY SELF-INTEREST. IT IS INDICATED THAT THE PERSONNEL OF 'PEOPLE-HANDLING' INSTITUTIONS MUST CULTIVATE AND SUSTAIN A MORAL COMMITMENT TO THE CLIENT AND HIS NEEDS IF SERVICES ARE TO BE EFFECTIVE RATHER THAN FRUSTRATING AND DEMEANING FOR THE CLIENT. IN APPLYING THIS GENERAL DISCUSSION TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE OPERATIONS, THE PLACEMENT OF PRISONS IN A LOCATION CENTRAL TO THE FAMILIES OF THE INMATE POPULATION IS ADVOCATED. PLEA BARGAINING IS SUPPORTED, NOT ON THE BASIS OF SAVING TIME FOR THE COURT, BUT BECAUSE IT INVOLVES THE DEFENDANT IN DECISIONMAKING WITH THE PROSECUTION ABOUT WHAT IS GOING TO HAPPEN TO HIM. DISPARITY IN SENTENCING IS ALSO SUPPORTED AS AN EXPRESSION OF INDIVIDUALIZATION IN SENTENCING. EVEN THOUGH TWO OFFENDERS COMMIT THE SAME TYPE OF CRIME, IT IS BELIEVED THAT A CONSIDERATION OF EACH OFFENDER'S BACKGROUND AND CHARACTERISTICS REQUIRES THAT DISCRETION BE ALLOWED IN THE SENTENCING DECISION. THE PROHIBITION OF THE DEATH PENALTY AND AN ORIENTATION TOWARD REHABILITATION IN CORRECTIONS ARE ADVOCATED AS LOGICAL EXPRESSIONS OF CONCERN FOR THE OFFENDER. IT IS ARGUED THAT CORRECTIONS SHOULD BE ROOTED IN THE PERSPECTIVE THAT PEOPLE DO UNDERGO BASIC CHANGES IN THEIR LIVES. EARLY INTERVENTION IN THE LIVES OF CHILDREN WHO MANIFEST PERSONALITY DISORDERS OR DISABILITIES IS ALSO ENCOURAGED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Critiques; Policy analysis; Prisonization; Social organization
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50669

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.