skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 50672 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: TRENDS IN JUVENILE JUSTICE (FROM INSTITUTE OF CONTEMPORARY CORRECTIONS AND THE BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES, 12TH ANNUAL INTERAGENCY WORKSHOP - PROCEEDINGS, 1977 SEE NCJ-50660)
Author(s): C H WHITEBREAD
Corporate Author: Sam Houston State University
Criminal Justice Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 3
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sam Houston State University
Huntsville, TX 77340
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: AFTER TRACING TRENDS IN THE HISTORY OF THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM, THE CENTRAL IDEAS OF THE JUVENILE JUSTICE STANDARDS PROJECT ARE PRESENTED AND DISCUSSED.
Abstract: IT IS NOTED THAT THE CREATION OF A SEPARATE COURT SYSTEM FOR JUVENILES CAN BE TRACED TO THE PHILOSOPHY HELD BY REFORMERS AT THE TURN OF THE CENTURY, WHICH MAINTAINED THAT JUVENILE OFFENDERS SHOULD BE TREATED AS WAYWARD YOUTH IN NEED OF REHABILITATION. FROM THIS THINKING, A JUVENILE COURT SYSTEM EMERGED WHERE INFORMAL HEARINGS WITH JUDGES DEEMED TO BE EXPERTS IN THE HANDLING OF CHILDREN WERE CONDUCTED FOR THE PURPOSE OF DEVISING THE APPROPRIATE TREATMENT FOR THE DELINQUENT. INCARCERATION WITH ADULTS WAS FORBIDDEN, AND CONFIDENTIALITY IN PROCEEDINGS WAS REQUIRED. IN THE 1967 SUPREME COURT CASE, IN RE GAULT, THE POTENTIAL FOR ABUSE INHERENT IN THE INFORMALITY OF JUVENILE COURT HEARINGS WAS REVEALED, AND THE COURT RULED THE JUVENILE COURT PROCEEDINGS MUST PROVIDE SAFEGUARDS ESSENTIAL TO THE PROTECTION OF DUE PROCESS RIGHTS. THE IMPACT OF THIS DECISION HAS BEEN TO UPGRADE THE QUALITY OF LEGALLY TRAINED JUDGES SERVING IN JUVENILE COURTS. THE ADVENT OF OTHER CHANGES IN THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM IS BELIEVED TO BE FOUND IN THE JUVENILE JUSTICE STANDARDS PROJECT, ESTABLISHED BY THE INSTITUTE OF JUDICIAL ADMINISTRATION IN 1971. SINCE SO MANY PERSONS ACTIVE IN THE JUVENILE JUSTICE FIELD WERE INVOLVED IN THE PROJECTS, THESE STANDARDS ARE CONSIDERED TO REPRESENT THE NEWEST IDEAS FOR THE FORMULATION OF A UNIFORM, EFFICIENT, AND HUMANE SYSTEM OF JUVENILE JUSTICE. THE CENTRAL IDEAS OF THE STANDARDS ARE: (1) LIMITING UNFETTERED AND UNJUSTIFIED DISCRETION BY DECISIONMAKERS; (2) ASSURING DUE PROCESS STANDARDS BEFORE A CHILD CAN SUFFER LOSSES OF LIBERTY; AND (3) A PREFERENCE FOR FAMILY AUTONOMY AS AGAINST STATE INTERVENTION IN CHILD REARING. SPECIFIC RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE STANDARDS ARE EXPLAINED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Judicial decisions; Juvenile court procedures; Standards; US Supreme Court
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50672

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.