skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 50675 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: CRIME AND THE CONTEMPORARY WOMAN (FROM INSTITUTE OF CONTEMPORARY CORRECTIONS AND THE BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES, 12TH ANNUAL INTERAGENCY WORKSHOP - PROCEEDINGS, 1977 SEE NCJ-50660)
Author(s): R J SIMON
Corporate Author: Sam Houston State University
Criminal Justice Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sam Houston State University
Huntsville, TX 77340
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: DATA ON CRIME RATES AND TYPES OF OFFENSES COMMITTED BY WOMEN, 1953-1974, ARE REPORTED AND INTERPRETED, AND TRENDS IN COURT DISPOSITIONS AND PRISON CONDITIONS FOR WOMEN ARE DISCUSSED.
Abstract: WHILE IT IS BELIEVED THAT THE ATTENTION PAID TO CHANGES IN THE CRIME RATE AND TYPES OF OFFENSES COMMITTED BY WOMEN IN RECENT YEARS IS NOT WARRANTED BY THE DATA, CHANGES ARE NOTED TO HAVE OCCURRED IN FEMALE CRIME FROM 1953 TO 1974. IN 1953, ABOUT 12 PERCENT OF THOSE ARRESTED FOR VIOLENT CRIMES WERE WOMEN, BUT IN 1974, 10 PERCENT OF ALL THOSE ARRESTED FOR VIOLENT CRIMES WERE WOMEN; ABOUT 8.5 PERCENT OF THOSE ARRESTED FOR PROPERTY CRIMES IN 1953 WERE WOMEN, BUT 21 PERCENT OF THOSE ARRESTED FOR PROPERTY CRIMES IN 1974 WERE WOMEN. THESE CHANGES IN ARREST RATES AND TYPE OF CRIMES COMMITTED BY WOMEN ARE BELIEVED DUE TO SOCIAL AND VOCATIONAL CHANGES THAT HAVE OCCURRED OVER THE YEARS INDICATED. WOMEN'S DECREASING SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEPENDENCE ON MEN COMBINED WITH AN INCREASE IN VOCATIONAL SETTINGS THAT OFFER OPPORTUNITIES FOR CRIMES SUCH AS EMBEZZLEMENT AND FRAUD ARE BELIEVED TO HAVE STIMULATED AN INCREASE IN DIRECT BEHAVIOR TO SATISFY ACQUISITIVE DRIVES IN WOMEN. VIOLENT BEHAVIOR, ON THE OTHER HAND, WHICH WAS IN EARLIER YEARS PREDOMINANTLY DIRECTED TOWARD UNWANTED CHILDREN AND EXPLOITATIVE MEN, HAS DECREASED BECAUSE OF GREATER CONTROL OVER BIRTHS AND A GREATER INDEPENDENCE IN RELATIONSHIP TO MEN. WHILE COURT STATISTICS SHOW A TENDENCY IN THE PAST TO DISPENSE MILDER SENTENCES FOR WOMEN THAN FOR MEN WHO HAVE COMMITTED SIMILAR CRIMES, IT IS PREDICTED THAT SENTENCES FOR WOMEN WILL APPROACH EQUALITY WITH MEN AS COURTS WILL TEND TO VIEW THEIR BEHAVIOR WITH EQUAL SEVERITY. WITH THE PRESS FOR INTEGRATION OF WOMEN AND MEN IN PRISON FACILITIES, IT IS EXPECTED THAT PRISON CONDITIONS WILL BECOME MORE HARSH FOR WOMEN THAN IN THE PAST, BUT OPPORTUNITIES FOR EXPANDED VOCATIONAL TRAINING IN PRISON ARE PREDICTED. DATA ON CRIME RATES AND TYPES OF OFFENSES ARE PROVIDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Arrest statistics; Correctional institutions (adult); Court statistics; Crime Statistics; Female offenders; Trend analysis
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50675

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.