skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 50717 Find in a Library
Title: FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION AND CONSUMER PROTECTION
Author(s): T G KRATTENMAKER
Corporate Author: University of California
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: University of California
Berkeley, CA 94720
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE ROLE OF THE FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION (FTC) IN THE FIELD OF CONSUMER PROTECTION IS EXAMINED FROM HISTORICAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL REFORM PERSPECTIVES.
Abstract: EMPHASIS IS PLACED ON MODIFICATIONS IN THE FTC'S HISTORICAL INTERNAL MODES OF OPERATION AND SELF-DEFINITION OF RESPONSIBILITIES THAT MOST LIKELY WILL PRODUCE AN INSTITUTION CAPABLE OF RESPONDING TO LEGITIMATE COMPLAINTS AND NEEDS OF CONSUMERS. IN THE ANALYTICAL SENSE, ANY OFFICAL ACTION DESIGNED TO PROMOTE AND PROTECT THE MARKET MECHANISM CAN BE CALLED A CONSUMER PROTECTION MEASURE. WHILE MANY GOVERNMENT POLICIES ENHANCE OR RETARD THE OPERATION OF THE MARKET SYSTEM, CONSUMER PROTECTION MEASURES ARE DEFINED AS GOVERNMENT EFFORTS THAT DIRECTLY PRESERVE THE POWER OF CONSUMERS TO ARTICULATE THEIR DESIRES WITHIN THE MARKETPLACE. THIS DEFINITION EXCLUDES SUCH POLICIES AS ANTITRUST ENFORCEMENT AND TARIFF REFORM THAT WILL BENEFIT CONSUMERS ONLY AFTER THE FURTHER OPERATION OF ADDITIONAL MARKET FORCES. THE FREE ENTERPRISE MODEL DISCLOSES THREE PRIMARY FACTORS NECESSITATING DIRECT INTERVENTION BY GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS ON BEHALF OF CONSUMERS: (1) THE MARKET MECHANISM WILL NOT WORK UNLESS CONSUMERS ARE FULLY INFORMED; (2) THE FREE MARKET MODEL IS BOTH THEORETICAL AND EGALITARIAN ASSUMING THAT PRODUCERS AND SELLERS WILL NOT ENJOY SUPERIOR BARGAINING ACUMEN RELATIVE TO POOR OR UNEDUCATED CONSUMERS; AND (3) EVEN IF CONSUMERS ARE FULLY INFORMED, IT IS SOMETIMES NECESSARY TO PLACE AN EXTERNAL FLOOR ON CERTAIN FORMS OF COMPETITIVE BEHAVIOR. THE HISTORICAL OVERVIEW OF THE FTC AND CONSUMER PROTECTION CONCERNS THE CREATION OF THE COMMISSION AND ITS STRUCTURE AND POWERS AND DISCUSSES THE COMMISSION'S FAILURES AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS. MEASURES TO REFORM THE FTC ORGANIZATIONALLY AND PROCEDURALLY INVOLVE: INCREASING PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN THE COMMISSION'S WORK, REORGANIZING THE COMMISSION'S RESOURCES, AND RECOGNIZING THE COMMISSION AS A CONSUMER ADVOCATE. THE FTC SHOULD PLAY AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN POLICY PLANNING. REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Consumer protection; Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Note: REPRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA MANAGEMENT REVIEW, V 18, N 4 (SUMMER 1976), P 89-104
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50717

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.