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NCJ Number: 50779 Find in a Library
Title: DOING TIME AND MARKING TIME
Journal: HOWARD JOURNAL OF PENOLOGY AND CRIME PREVENTION  Volume:16  Issue:2  Dated:(1977)  Pages:59-64
Author(s): K PEASE; M SAMPSON
Corporate Author: Barry Rose Publishers
United Kingdom

Howard League for Penal Reform
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: Barry Rose Publishers
Chichester, Sussex, England
Howard League for Penal Reform
London, N19 3NL, England
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: LENGTH OF IMPRISONMENT IS DETERMINED AT BEST ON A QUASI-RATIONAL BASIS, AND THE UNIT USED TO DETERMINE SENTENCE LENGTH IS IMPORTANT FOR NONJUDICIAL SUBJECTS.
Abstract: DECIDING HOW LONG IMPRISONMENT SHOULD BE FOR A PARTICULAR OFFENDER CAN BE RATIONAL IN AN ECONOMIC SENSE ONLY IF THE FOLLOWING FACTORS CAN BE CALCULATED: NET COST TO THE COMMUNITY OF INCARCERATION FOR A SPECIFIED PERIOD OF TIME RELATIVE TO INCARCERATION FOR A GREATER OR LESSER PERIOD; EFFECT UPON THE FUTURE BEHAVIOR OF PRISONERS OF THE IMPRISONMENT EXPERIENCE; AND DETERRENT EFFECT OF IMPRISONMENT ON THE BEHAVIOR OF OTHERS. CRIMINOLOGY LITERATURE INDICATES THAT NONE OF THESE CALCULATIONS ARE POSSIBLE. THERE IS SOME EVIDENCE THAT WHAT DISTINGUISHES ENGLAND AND WALES FROM OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIES WITH SMALLER PRISON POPULATIONS IS THE GREATER LENGTH OF SENTENCES PASSED BY THE COURTS. THE JUDICIAL DECISION AS TO SENTENCE LENGTH IS, THEREFORE, CRITICAL IN DETERMINING THE SIZE OF PRISON POPULATIONS. USE OF THE TIME DIMENSION IN SENTENCING IS DISCUSSED, WITH CALCULATION PROCEDURES AND SUPPORTING TABULAR DATA PROVIDED. SENTENCES CLUSTER AROUND WHOLE TIME UNITS, AND GAPS BETWEEN CLUSTERS LENGTHEN AS SENTENCE LENGTH INCREASES. REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (DEP)
Index Term(s): England; Incarceration; Offenders; Sentencing/Sanctions; Wales; Western Europe
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50779

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