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NCJ Number: 50790 Find in a Library
Title: CRIMINOLOGY AS AN INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE
Journal: CRIMINOLOGY  Volume:16  Issue:2  Dated:(AUGUST 1978)  Pages:149-169
Author(s): C R JEFFERY
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America

American Soc of Criminology
Criminology
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: American Soc of Criminology
Columbus, OH 43212
Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: BASIC ASSUMPTIONS ABOUT HUMAN NATURE THAT INFLUENCE APPROACHES TOWARDS CRIMINOLOGY AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE ARE EXAMINED, AND A NEW BIOSOCIAL CRIMINOLOGY MODEL IS PRESENTED.
Abstract: BASIC ASSUMPTIONS OF CLASSICAL AND POSITIVIST CRIMINOLOGY ARE PRESENTED, AND THE FAILURES OF THE CRIMINOLOGY AND THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IN THE UNITED STATES ARE DISCUSSED. UNDER PSYCHOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY CERTAIN ASSUMPTIONS ABOUT HUMAN BEHAVIOR HAVE BEEN MADE WHICH LIMIT THE ABILITY TO UNDERSTAND BEHAVIOR AND TO APPLY THIS KNOWLEDGE TO THE TREATMENT OF MENTAL ILLNESS AND CRIME. A NEW MODEL OF CRIMINOLOGY IS OFFERED WHICH IS BUILT ON AN INTERDISCIPLINARY THEORY. THE MODEL CONTAINS SEVERAL BASIC ELEMENTS INCLUDING A MOVE FROM DETERRENCE, PUNISHMENT, AND TREATMENT TOWARDS PREVENTION, A MOVE FROM A SOCIAL TO A PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT, AND A MOVE FROM A SOCIAL TO A BIOSOCIAL MODEL OF LEARNING. IT RECOGNIZES THAT BEHAVIOR REFLECTS BOTH GENETIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES, AND DEPENDS ON THE ENCODING AND DECODING OF INFORMATION BY THE BRAIN. EMERGING THEORIES IN CRIMINOLOGY RECOGNIZE THIS INTERACTION OF GENETIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ON BEHAVIOR; A NEW MODEL OF TREATMENT INVOLVES THE BIOCHEMISTRY OF THE BRAINS AND INCLUDES ADMINISTRATION OF CERTAIN DRUGS TO TREAT BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS. EARLY DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS IS NECESSARY AND WOULD INCLUDE BIOLOGICAL TESTING AND LEARNING DISABILITY TESTING. IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT A PRIVATE TREATMENT SYSTEM BE SET UP TO PARALLEL OR REPLACE THE PRESENT CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM TO REMOVE THE TREATMENT OF BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS FROM THE POLITICAL ARENA. IT IS SUGGESTED THAT A FEW PRIVATE TREATMENT SYSTEMS BE ESTABLISHED AT MAJOR CLINICS, AND THAT RESEARCH BE SUPPORTED BY PRIVATE FUNDS, REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (DAG)
Index Term(s): Behavior; Behavioral and Social Sciences; Biological influences; Criminology; Psychology; Sociology; Theory
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50790

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