skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 50791 Find in a Library
Title: CRIMINOLOGICAL THEORY, SOCIAL SCIENCE, AND THE REPRESSION OF CRIME
Journal: CRIMINOLOGY  Volume:16  Issue:2  Dated:(AUGUST 1978)  Pages:171-191
Author(s): D R CRESSEY
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America

American Soc of Criminology
Criminology
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: American Soc of Criminology
Columbus, OH 43212
Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THREE THEORIES OF CRIMINOLOGY ARE DISCUSSED, AND IT IS SUGGESTED THAT CRIMINOLOGISTS HAVE GIVEN UP TRYING TO DEFINE CAUSES OF CRIME AND ARE CONCENTRATING ON DEVELOPING REPRESSIVE PROCEDURAL APPROACHES.
Abstract: CRIMINOLOGISTS HAVE DECREASED THEIR DEPENDENCE ON SOCIAL SCIENCE KNOWLEDGE TO DEFINE CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR, AND HAVE BEEN ABANDONING A SEARCH FOR CAUSES OF SUCH BEHAVIOR. THERE IS A GENERAL TREND TOWARD A DIRECT CONCERN FOR TAKING ACTION AGAINST CRIME. AN AWARENESS IS GROWING THAT THE VARIABLES IN SOME CRIMINOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES ARE NOT READILY MANIPULABLE AND THUS ARE NOT READILY ADAPTABLE TO INTERVENTIONIST CONTROL, AND THAT CERTAIN INTERVENTIONIST POLICIES WHICH WERE HAPHAZARDLY BASED ON SOCIAL SCIENCE THEORY DID NOT DRAMATICALLY REDUCE CRIMINALITY, EVEN THOUGH MUCH MONEY WAS SPENT. RESEARCH AND SCHOLARLY ATTENTION IS BEING FOCUSED ON IMPROVEMENT OF THE EFFICIENCY OF REPRESSIVE EFFORTS. THREE 'NEW CRIMINOLOGIES' ARE DESCRIBED WHICH REPRESENT ALTERNATIVE APPROACHES FOR CRIMINOLOGISTS. THE FIRST WAS DEVELOPED IN THE 1920'S AND WAS BASED ON AN EXPLANATION OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR EMERGING FROM MALFUNCTION OF THE ENDOCRINE GLANDS. THE SECOND APPROACH EXPLAINED CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR IN RELATION TO THE SOCIETY AS A TOTALITY AND MAINTAINS THAT THE ABILITY OF A PERSON TO CONFRONT STRUCTURES OF POWER, DOMINATION, AND AUTHORITY MODIFIES BEHAVIOR. THE THIRD THEORY STRESSES REPRESSION IN THE FORM OF DEFENSE AND DETERRENCE. IT IS SUGGESTED THAT POSITIVE, CONSTRUCTIVE PROGRAMS ALONG WITH NEW GENERALIZATIONS FOR UNDERSTANDING CRIMINOLOGICAL DATA ARE NECESSARY. REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (DAG)
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Criminology; Deterrence; Theory
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50791

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.