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NCJ Number: 50804 Find in a Library
Title: PARENTAL PSYCHIATRIC ILLNESS, BROKEN HOMES, AND DELINQUENCY
Journal: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF CHILD PSYCHIATRY  Volume:17  Issue:2  Dated:(SPRING 1978)  Pages:224-238
Author(s): D R OFFORD; N ALLEN; N ABRAMS
Corporate Author: Yale University Press
92a Yale Station
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Canada Ministry of National Health and Welfare
Ottawa, Canada
Royal Ottawa Hospital
Ottawa, Ontario K1Z 7K4, Canada
Yale University Press
New Haven, CT 06520
Grant Number: 605-7-764
Sale Source: Royal Ottawa Hospital
Dept of Psychiatry
1145 Carling Avenue
Ottawa, Ontario K1Z 7K4,
Canada
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: PARENTAL DISABILITIES ARE STUDIED IN 73 FAMILIES WITH A DELINQUENT BOY AND COMPARED TO 73 FAMILIES WITH A NONDELINQUENT BOY TO DETERMINE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INSUFFICIENT PARENTING AND DELINQUENCY.
Abstract: THE FOLLOWING FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH PARENTAL IMPAIRMENTS HAVE BEEN SHOWN TO CONTRIBUTE TO DELINQUENCY: (1) DISCORD AND TENSION RESULTING IN A HOME BROKEN BY DIVORCE; (2) POOR CHILD SUPERVISION ATTRIBUTED TO PARENTAL PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS; (3) CRIMINALITY CAUSED BY PERSONALITY DISORDERS; AND (4) LARGE FAMILY SIZE. NO TECHNIQUE AIMED AT PREVENTING OR TREATING DELINQUENCY HAS BEEN PROVEN EFFECTIVE; THEREFORE, THIS STUDY ATTEMPTS TO PRODUCE A THEORY FOR EARLY RATIONAL INTERVENTION BY GATHERING DATA ON DELINQUENCY CAUSES. THE STUDY, DONE IN OTTAWA, CANADA, COMPARED FAMILIES WITH A DELINQUENT BOY TO FAMILIES OF THE SAME SOCIOECONOMIC CLASS WITH A NONDELINQUENT BOY OF THE SAME AGE, SCHOOL PERFORMANCE, AND INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT (IQ). PARENTS IN EACH FAMILY WERE INTERVIEWED. IN ADDITION TO BASIC FAMILY DEMOGRAPHIC DATA, MEDICAL AND PSYCHIATRIC HISTORIES WERE OBTAINED FOR EACH BIOLOGICAL PARENT AND PARENTING ADULT. DETAILED INFORMATION ON THE CHILDREN WAS SECURED, INCLUDING MEDICAL AND PSYCHIATRIC HISTORY, AGE AT ONSET OF ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIORS, DURATION, NUMBER, AND TYPES OF ANTISOCIAL AND NONANTISOCIAL BEHAVIORS. COMPARISONS BETWEEN THE TWO GROUPS WERE MADE ON THE BASIS OF THE FOLLOWING FACTORS: BOY'S AGE, IQ, SOCIOECONOMIC CLASS, SCHOOL PERFORMANCE, GUARDIANSHIP CHANGES, ATHLETIC INVOLVEMENT, NUMBER OF SIBLINGS, AND DELINQUENCY CHARACTERISTICS; AND SELECTED FAMILY VARIABLES SUCH AS PARENTAL MENTAL ILLNESS, CRIMINALITY, WELFARE, AND RESIDENCE IN PUBLIC HOUSING. THE DATA SUPPORT THE IDEA THAT FACTORS WHICH CAN RESULT IN INSUFFICIENT PARENTING ARE STRONGLY ASSOCIATED WITH DELINQUENCY; THE ABSENCE OF THESE FACTORS DRASTICALLY LESSENS THE CHANCES OF A BOY'S BECOMING DELINQUENT EVEN WHEN THE FAMILY BELONGS TO THE LOWER SOCIOECONOMIC CLASSES. BOYS UNABLE AND/OR UNWILLING TO PARTICIPATE IN ATHLETIC ACTIVITIES ARE ALSO MORE LIKELY TO BECOME DELINQUENT. TABULAR DATA AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. SUPPORTING DATA ARE TABULATED, AND REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (JCP)
Index Term(s): Canada; Domestic relations; Home environment; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prediction; Mental disorders; Psychological evaluation; Psychopaths
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50804

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