skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 50827 Find in a Library
Title: EVALUATION METHODOLOGY IN ORGANIZATION DEVELOPMENT - AN ANALYSIS AND CRITIQUE
Journal: JOURNAL OF APPLIED BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE  Volume:14  Issue:1  Dated:(APRIL-JUNE 1978)  Pages:151-173
Author(s): J I PORRAS; P O BERG
Corporate Author: Institute for Applied Behavioral Science
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: Institute for Applied Behavioral Science
Arlington, VA 22209
Type: Best Practice/State-of-the-Art Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A STATE-OF-THE-ART REVIEW OF EVALUATION METHODOLOGY IN ORGANIZATION DEVELOPMENT--A TERM USED TO DESCRIBE A WIDE RANGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE-BASED APPROACHES TO PLANNED ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE--IS PRESENTED.
Abstract: A LITERATURE SEARCH YIELDED 35 EMPIRICAL STUDIES IN ORGANIZATION DEVELOPMENT FOR THE PERIOD 1959 TO MID-1975. EACH STUDY WAS ANALYZED IN TERMS OF RESEARCH DESIGN, DATA COLLECTION PROCEDURES, CHARACTERISTICS OF SUBJECTS, TREATMENT DIMENSIONS, AND APPROACHES TO DATA ANALYSIS. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT THE OVERALL QUALITY OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGY IN ORGANIZATION DEVELOPMENT HAS BEEN INCONSISTENT. RESEARCH DESIGNS HAVE BEEN FAIRLY STRONG, WITH MANY INVESTIGATORS RELYING ON QUASIEXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS. THERE HAS BEEN AN EXCESSIVE RELIANCE ON QUESTIONNAIRES AS THE SOLE APPROACH TO DATA COLLECTION. MOST STUDIES HAVE BEEN CONDUCTED IN ONE ORGANIZATION OR IN SITUATIONS IN WHICH THE NUMBERS OF UNITS OF ANALYSIS LARGER THAN THE INDIVIDUAL WERE SMALL (LESS THAN 10). MOST PROJECTS REPORT USING MORE THAN ONE INTERVENTION. LABORATORY TRAINING (BOTH PROCESS-ORIENTED AND TASK-ORIENTED) IS THE MOST COMMON INTERVENTION. THERE HAS BEEN A STRONG SHIFT FROM PROCESS TO TASK ORIENTATION IN MORE RECENT YEARS. OVER 75 PERCENT OF THE STUDIES REPORTED USING STATISTICAL TESTS OF SIGNIFICANCE. DATA ANALYSIS IS BECOMING MORE SOPHISTICATED, BUT THE VAST MAJORITY OF STUDIES HAVE USED VERY SIMPLE ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES. RESEARCHERS IN ORGANIZATION DEVELOPMENT SHOULD DO THE FOLLOWING: MAKE GREATER USE OF QUASIEXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS AND THE MULTIPLE MEASUREMENT APPROACHES; FOCUS ON ORGANIZATION DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS IN ORGANIZATIONS THAT CONTAIN LARGE NUMBERS OF HIGHLY COMPARABLE SUBSYSTEMS; STUDY ORGANIZATIONS OVER LONGER PERIODS OF TIME; INCREASE THE FREQUENCY WITH WHICH RESEARCH VARIABLES ARE MEASURED; MAKE DATA COLLECTION METHODS MORE ECLECTIC (BY INTERVIEWS, OBSERVATIONS, AND OTHER APPROACHES TO SUPPLEMENT QUESTIONNAIRES); AND MAKE ANALYTICAL PROCEDURES MORE MULTIVARIATE. A LIST OF REFERENCES IS INCLUDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Data analysis; Data collections; Evaluation; Evaluation techniques; Evaluative research; Organization studies; Research design; Research methods
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50827

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.