skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 50856 Find in a Library
Title: REMAND IN CUSTODY AS A DETERRENT IN JUVENILE JURISDICTION
Journal: BRITISH JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY  Volume:18  Issue:3  Dated:(JULY 1978)  Pages:285-289
Author(s): J KRAUS
Corporate Author: Institute for the Study and Treatment of Delinquency
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: Institute for the Study and Treatment of Delinquency
London, EC4 P4EE, England
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: THE HYPOTHESIS THAT THE RECIDIVISM OF COMPARABLE MALE JUVENILE OFFENDERS IS LESS AFTER REMAND IN CUSTODY THAN AFTER REMAND AT HOME WAS TESTED IN A SAMPLE OF 90 FIRST OFFENDERS CHARGED IN AN AUSTRALIAN COURT.
Abstract: THE 90 MALE JUVENILE FIRST OFFENDERS WERE REMANDED IN CUSTODY BY A METROPOLITAN CHILDREN'S COURT IN SYDNEY BETWEEN JUNE 1973 AND JULY 1974 AND WERE GIVEN A PERIOD OF PROBATION. EACH OF THESE OFFENDERS WAS MATCHED WITH A FIRST OFFENDER WHO APPEARED IN THE SAME COURT DURING THE SAME PERIOD OF TIME AND WHO WAS REMANDED AT HOME AND GIVEN A PERIOD OF PROBATION. THE LENGTH OF PROBATIONARY SUPERVISION HAD NO RELATION TO RECIDIVISM FOR THE POPULATION UNDER STUDY. AT THE TIME OF REMAND, THE AGE RANGE OF THE JUVENILES WAS 11 TO 17 YEARS. EACH OFFENDER WAS FOLLOWED FOR A PERIOD OF 24 MONTHS FROM THE DATE OF HIS PROBATION ORDER THROUGH INDIVIDUAL RECORDS KEPT BY THE DEPARTMENT OF YOUTH AND COMMUNITY SERVICES. RECIDIVISM WAS ASSESSED IN TERMS OF INTENSITY BY THE NUMBER OF PROVEN CHARGES AGAINST THE JUVENILES AND IN TERMS OF SERIOUSNESS BY THE NUMBER OF COMMITTALS TO TRAINING SCHOOLS. TYPES OF OFFENSES WERE RECORDED ALSO TO MEASURE QUALITATIVE ASPECTS OF RECIDIVISM. NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE WAS FOUND BETWEEN THE TWO GROUPS IN THE NUMBER OF RECIDIVISTS CHARGED WITH A LESSER AND A GREATER NUMBER OF OFFENSES. THERE WAS A HIGHLY SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE NUMBER WHO DID AND DID NOT REOFFEND; THE PERCENTAGE WHO DID REOFFEND WAS 64.4 PERCENT IN CUSTODY REMAND AND 36.6 PERCENT IN HOME REMAND. UNLIKE DETENTION IN TRAINING SCHOOLS, REMAND IN CUSTODY WAS NOT FOLLOWED BY A SPECIFIC PATTERN OF DELINQUENCY. THE STUDY FINDINGS DO NOT SUPPORT THE BELIEF OF SOME MAGISTRATES WHO DEAL WITH JUVENILES THAT REMAND IN CUSTODY IS AN EFFECTIVE DETERRENT TO RECIDIVISM. THERE APPEARS TO BE NO PRAGMATIC JUSTIFICATION FOR THE LEGALLY UNSANCTIONED USE OF REMAND IN CUSTODY AS A PENAL MEASURE FOR MALE JUVENILE OFFENDERS. SUPPORTING DATA AND REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Juvenile Recidivism; Juvenile recidivists; Male juvenile delinquents; Probation conditions
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50856

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.