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NCJ Number: 50918 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: DIVERSITY IN A YOUTH CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM - HANDLING DELINQUENTS IN MASSACHUSETTS
Author(s): R B COATES; A D MILLER; L E OHLIN
Corporate Author: Ballinger Publishing Co
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 259
Sponsoring Agency: Ballinger Publishing Co
Cambridge, MA 02138
Ford Foundation
New York, NY 10017
Massachusetts Cmtte on Criminal Justice
Boston, MA 02108
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 72-NI-99-00096; 73-NI-99-00556; 74-NI-99-0176; 76-JN-99-0003; 76-JJ-99-0452;690-122
Sale Source: Ballinger Publishing Co
Harvard Square
17 Dunster Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: REFORM OF THE MASSACHUSETTS JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM, WHICH FOCUSED ON DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION OF YOUTH AND ALTERNATIVE COMMUNITY-BASED TREATMENT, IS ASSESSED REGARDING THE IMPACT ON CLIENTS AND THEIR COMMUNITIES.
Abstract: THE CONCEPTUAL MODEL USED FOR DESCRIBING COMMUNITY-BASED SERVICES IS OUTLINED AND A CASE IS ARGUED FOR EXPANDING THE TRADITIONAL CONCEPTION OF THE CORRECTIONS ARENA. FOLLOWING A BRIEF REVIEW OF THE REFORM EFFORTS UNDERTAKEN TO MODIFY TRAINING SCHOOLS, THE ACTIONS TAKEN TO ACTUALLY CLOSE THEM, AND THE STEPS THAT LED TO THE FORMATION OF AN ALTERNATIVE COMMUNITY-BASED SYSTEM, A COMPARISON IS DRAWN BETWEEN THE QUALITY OF LIFE WITHIN THE INSTITUTIONS AND THAT IN THE COMMUNITY-BASED SYSTEM. THE RESEARCH DESIGN IS DISCUSSED IN NONTECHNICAL TERMS AND AN EVALUATION MODEL IS PRESENTED. THE RESEARCH FOCUSED ON A LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF A CORE SAMPLE OF NEARLY 500 YOUTHS WHO WERE REPEATEDLY INTERVIEWED FROM DETENTION THROUGH THE CORRECTIONS PROGRAMS UNTIL THEY HAD BEEN IN THE COMMUNITY FOR 6 MONTHS. DETENTION DECISIONS AND THE SHORTRUN CONSEQUENCES OF DETENTION ARE DISCUSSED, AS ARE THE FACTORS THAT TENDED TO INFLUENCE IN WHICH PROGRAM AVAILABLE THROUGH THE DEPARTMENT OF YOUTH SERVICES AN INDIVIDUAL YOUTH WAS PLACED. THE CONSEQUENCES OF HAVING BEEN IN DIFFERENT KINDS OF PROGRAM SETTINGS ARE IDENTIFIED, WITH ATTENTION TO SUCH FACTORS AS SELF-IMAGE AND RELATIONS WITH SIGNIFICANT OTHERS. RECIDIVISM DATA ARE ALSO ANALYZED; SYSTEM RATES AND PROGRAM RATES ARE COMPARED; AND AN ATTEMPT IS MADE TO IDENTIFY THOSE FACTORS MOST CRITICAL FOR HINDERING OR FACILITATING REINTEGRATION. FINALLY, CONCLUSIONS ARE PROVIDED REGARDING GENERAL REFORM ISSUES, ALONG WITH POLICY IMPLICATIONS FOR PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT AND FOR MANAGING A COMMUNITY-BASED SYSTEM. SAMPLING AND REGRESSION ANALYSIS METHODS AND SELECTED BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS ON A COMPLETED COHORT SAMPLE ARE APPENDED. TABULAR DATA, REFERENCE NOTES, AND AN INDEX ARE INCLUDED.
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community-based corrections (juvenile); Effectiveness; Juvenile detention; Juvenile foster homes; Juvenile group houses; Massachusetts; Recidivism; Research
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50918

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