skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 50920 Find in a Library
Title: PERSONALITY AND DELINQUENCY - FURTHER MULTIVARIATE WORK WITH DISCRIMINANT VARIABLES IN SAMPLES OF SCOTTISH DELINQUENT AND NON-DELINQUENT BOYS
Journal: SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY  Volume:5  Issue:2  Dated:(1977)  Pages:361-367
Author(s): A R FORREST
Corporate Author: Soc for Personality Research
New Zealand
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Scottish List D Schools
Edinburgh, EH9 2BB, Scotland
Soc for Personality Research
Wellington, New Zealand
Sale Source: Scottish List D Schools
22 Queens Crescent
Edinburgh, EH9 2BB,
United Kingdom
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: New Zealand
Annotation: THE JESNESS PERSONALITY INVENTORY WAS USED TO FURTHER ISOLATE AND ANALYZE FACTORS THAT MAY DIFFER BETWEEN DELINQUENT AND NONDELINQUENT BOYS IN SCOTLAND. THIS SUBSAMPLE CONSISTED OF 400 ADOLESCENTS.
Abstract: THIS STUDY IS A FOLLOWUP OF A 1977 PAPER WHICH USED THE EYSENCK PERSONALITY INVENTORY TO TEST 445 NONDELINQUENTS AND 563 DELINQUENTS. THE JESNESS INVENTORY WAS USED WITH A SUBSAMPLE OF 200 DELINQUENTS AND 200 CONTROLS, ALL AGED 13-16YEARS, TO FURTHER REFINE PREVIOUSLY ISOLATED VARIABLES. STEPWISE MULTIPLE DISCRIMINANT FUNCTION ANALYSIS WAS USED, AND THE RESULTS WERE COMBINED WITH THE RESULTS FROM THE EYSENCK STUDY. THE COMBINATION PROVIDED 58 ITEMS (9 EYSENCK AND 49 JESNESS) WHICH SEEMED LIKELY TO PRODUCE A MEANINGFUL DELINQUENCY FACTOR MEASURE. FIVE COMPONENTS FROM THESE ITEMS WERE IDENTIFIED AS PSYCHOLOGICALLY MEANINGFUL: ANTISOCIAL REACTION, WHICH ACCOUNTED FOR 46.7 PERCENT OF THE VARIATION BETWEEN THE TWO GROUPS; NEUROTICISM, WHICH ACCOUNTED FOR 22.3 PERCENT OF THE VARIATION; ISOLATION FROM FAMILY, 9.9 PERCENT; INADEQUACY AND IMMATURITY, 7.8 PERCENT; AND PSYCHOTICISM, 6.9 PERCENT. THE MATHEMATICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF EACH COMPONENT IS DISCUSSED, WHILE TABLES PRESENT THE RESULTS OF THE FUNCTION ANALYSIS. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT THE FACTOR PATTERNS IDENTIFIED IN THESE TWO STUDIES OF CHILDREN FROM THE WEST OF SCOTLAND, WITH THEIR COMPONENTS OF DOMINANCE, PARANOID INDEPENDENCE, AND ANXIETY, MAY REFER AT ANOTHER LEVEL TO PERSONALITIES IN DISADVANTAGED, DEPENDENCY-DENYING CIRCUMSTANCES, ORGANIZED ADAPTIVELY ABOUT HOSTILITY, IN A FEARFUL CONDITION OF ANGRY DESPAIR. REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (GLR)
Index Term(s): Behavioral science research; Evaluation; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile Delinquent-nondelinquent comparisons; Personality assessment; Scotland; Testing and measurement
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50920

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.