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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 50935 Find in a Library
Title: COURTROOM COVERAGE - THE EFFECTS OF BEING TELEVISED
Journal: JOURNAL OF BROADCASTING  Volume:21  Issue:4  Dated:(AUTUMN 1977)  Pages:487-495
Author(s): J L HOYT
Corporate Author: Broadcast Education Association
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 9
Sale Source: Institute for Scientific Information
University City Science Ctr
3501 Market Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: TO DETERMINE EFFECTS OF TELEVISION CAMERAS ON WITNESS TESTIMONY, A STUDY WAS CONDUCTED IN A SIMULATED COURT ATMOSPHERE AND SUBJECTS WERE QUESTIONED WHILE FACING AN OBVIOUS CAMERA, A HIDDEN CAMERA, OR NO CAMERA AT ALL.
Abstract: THE 36 VOLUNTEER SUBJECTS WERE SHOWN A BRIEF FILM CONTAINING RATHER DETAILED INFORMATION AND ASKED SPECIFIC QUESTIONS ABOUT THE CONTENT OF THE FILMS. THEY FACED AN OBTRUSIVE TELEVISION CAMERA WHICH WAS PURPORTEDLY RECORDING THEIR ANSWERS FOR LARGE-SCALE VIEWING, OR A HIDDEN CAMERA, OR NO CAMERA AT ALL. IT WAS PREDICTED THAT PARTICIPANTS FACING THE CAMERAS WOULD RECALL SIGNIFICANTLY LESS CORRECT INFORMATION ABOUT THE FILM. ANSWERS WERE RECORDED AND THE INFORMATION WAS CODED AND ANALYZED. RESULTS SHOWED THAT SUBJECTS FACING OBTRUSIVE CAMERAS INCLUDED MORE CORRECT INFORMATION IN THEIR ANSWERS THAN DID THOSE SUBJECTS IN EITHER OF THE OTHER TWO CONDITIONS, AND GAVE LONGER ANSWERS WHICH WERE GENERATED MORE QUICKLY AFTER THE QUESTION WAS ASKED. THE STUDY DOES NOT SUPPORT THE ASSUMPTION THAT A PERSON'S MEMORY FAILS WHEN FORCED TO FACE A CAMERA, AND IN FACT, THE DATA INDICATE THAT PRESENCE OF A TELEVISION CAMERA MIGHT INDUCE LONGER AND MORE CORRECT ANSWERS. FOOTNOTES ARE PROVIDED. (DAG)
Index Term(s): Studies; Televisions; Testimony; Witnesses
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50935

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