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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 50946 Find in a Library
Title: CHILD ABUSE - A CASE FOR A DIFFERENT APPROACH
Journal: COMPREHENSIVE PSYCHIATRY  Volume:18  Issue:4  Dated:(JULY/AUGUST 1977)  Pages:363-368
Author(s): Z WELNER; A WELNER; E ROBINS
Corporate Author: American Psychopathological Assoc
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: American Psychopathological Assoc
New York, NY 10017
Washington University Children's Hospital
St Louis, MO 63110
Sale Source: Washington University Children's Hospital
Dept of Psychiatry
500 South Kingshighway
St Louis, MO 63110
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: TO MAKE DATA ON CHILD ABUSE MORE USABLE FOR STUDIES PROPOSED BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATION AND WELFARE, LITERATURE WAS REVIEWED, AND ELIMINATING INTENT TO INJURE AS A VARIABLE IS SUGGESTED.
Abstract: AT THE TIME OF WRITING THERE WERE NO RELIABLE AND VALID DATA ON THE CHARACTERISTICS AND CONSEQUENTLY, THE INCIDENCE, OF CHILD ABUSE. THE SPECTRUM OF DEFINITIONS IS VERY BROAD AND SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES EXIST IN THE AMERICAN POPULATION CONCERNING APPROPRIATE PHYSICAL PUNISHMENT. MOST CURRENT DEFINITIONS INCLUDE 'ACCIDENTAL' AND 'NONACCIDENTAL' INJURY. THE PURPOSE OF THIS PAPER INVOLVES THE PRESENTATION OF THE FOLLOWING ELEMENTS: (1) THE MAGNITUDE OF DISAGREEMENT ON THE CONCEPT OF CHILD ABUSE; (2) THE DEMONSTRATION OF UNTESTED HYPOTHESES REGARDED AS SPECULATIONS BECAUSE OF THE LACK OF SYSTEMATIC DATA; AND (3) A DEFINITION FOR SYSTEMATIC RESEARCH. THE FOLLOWING CHARACTERISTICS OF ABUSED CHILDREN ARE CONSIDERED: WITHDRAWAL, PSYCHOMOTOR RETARDATION IN INFANTS, AND SUPERFICIAL RELATIONSHIPS IN OLDER CHILDREN. ABUSING PARENTS FORM A HETEROGENOUS GROUP INCLUDING ALL TYPES OF PERSONALITY DISORDERS, NEUROSES, AND PSYCHOSES. THUS, CLASSIFICATION CAN BE MADE BY AGE, RELATIONSHIP OF THE ADULT TO THE CHILD, TYPE OF PHYSICAL INJURY, AND THE PSYCHOPATHOLOGY OF THE ADULT OR CHILD, WITHOUT RESORTING TO DETERMINATION OF THE PARENTS' INTENTION TO INJURE THE CHILD. THE ISSUES CONCERNED WITH ACCIDENTAL VERSUS INTENTIONAL CANNOT BE SEPARATED NOR CAN THEY BE RELIABLY MEASURED: THEREFORE, IT IS SUGGESTED THAT THEY BE REMOVED FROM ANY APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF CHILD ABUSE AND THAT STUDIES INCLUDE ALL CHILDREN RECEIVING MEDICAL ATTENTION FOR PHYSICAL INJURIES ASSOCIATED WITH THEIR PARENTS' OR CARETAKERS' BEHAVIOR.
Index Term(s): Behavior patterns; Child abuse; Data collections; Family offenses; Studies; Theory
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50946

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