skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 50986 Find in a Library
Title: PETTY THEFT IN A NATURALISTIC SETTING - THE EFFECTS OF BYSTANDER PRESENCE
Journal: JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY  Volume:101  Issue:2  Dated:(APRIL 1977)  Pages:219-221
Author(s): J STEINBURG; P MCDONALD; E O'NEAL
Corporate Author: Human Sciences Press
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 3
Sponsoring Agency: Human Sciences Press
New York, NY 10013-1578
Newcomb College of Tulane University
New Orleans, LA 70118
Sale Source: Newcomb College of Tulane University
Dept of Psychology
New Orleans, LA 70118
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS TEST OF 30 FEMALE UNDERGRADUATES FOUND THAT THOSE WHO WERE UNOBSERVED WERE MORE LIKELY TO ENGAGE IN PETTY THEFT THAN THOSE WHO ARE IN THE PRESENCE OF A VISIBLE OR ANONYMOUS BYSTANDERS.
Abstract: THIS NATURALISTIC STUDY OF ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR USED A 'FORGOTTEN' BOTTLE OF AN EXPENSIVE SHAMPOO TO DETERMINE THE LIKELIHOOD OF FEMALE UNDERGRADUATES TO ENGAGE IN PETTY THEFT. IN 10 CASES THE SUBJECT WAS ALONE, IN 10 A BYSTANDER COULD IDENTIFY HER, AND IN 10 THE BYSTANDER REMAINED ANONYMOUS IN A SHOWER STALL. THE AMOUNT OF SHAMPOO STOLEN WAS THE MEASURE. THE WHOLE BOTTLE WAS STOLEN IN THREE 'ALONE' AND IN TWO 'BYSTANDER ANONYMOUS' SITUATIONS. NINE GIRLS STOLE NOTHING (ONE ALONE, THREE IN BYSTANDER ANONYMOUS, AND FIVE IN BYSTANDER IDENTIFIABLE). IN THE REMAINING CASES SIGNIFICANTLY MORE SHAMPOO WAS STOLEN WHEN THE GIRL WAS ALONE THAN WHEN A BYSTANDER WAS PRESENT. HOWEVER, THERE WAS NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE IN BEHAVIOR BETWEEN THE TWO BYSTANDER GROUPS. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT THE PRESENCE OF BYSTANDERS INHIBITS PETTY THEFT. A BIBLIOGRAPHY IS INCLUDED. (GLR)
Index Term(s): Deterrence; Larceny/Theft; Studies; Theft offenses
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50986

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.