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NCJ Number: 50994 Find in a Library
Title: ECOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF CRIME IN RURAL OHIO
Author(s): S W YANG
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 120
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE TECHNIQUES OF HUMAN ECOLOGY RESEARCH ARE APPLIED TO CORRELATE DATA ON CRIME LEVELS AND DETERMINE THE EFFECTS OF DEMOGRAPHIC, ECONOMIC, AND SOCIAL FACTORS ON CRIME RATES.
Abstract: A 1975 DISSERTATION SHOWED CRIME TO BE A PRODUCT OF MULTIPLE FACTORS: INCOME, DEMOGRAPHIC STRUCTURE, UNEMPLOYMENT RATE, AND FAMILY INSTABILITY. ALTHOUGH NO ONE ECOLOGICAL FACTOR WAS OBSERVED TO BE CORRELATED HIGHLY WITH THE CRIME RATE, THE AGGREGATE OF FACTORS IS CONSIDERED LIKELY TO PRODUCE AN ENVIRONMENT CONDUCIVE TO CRIMINAL ACTIVITY. HYPOTHESES TESTED INCLUDED EXPECTATIONS OF POSITIVE CORRELATIONS BETWEEN THE PRESENCE OF YOUNG MALES IN THE COMMUNITY AND THE CRIME RATE AND UNEMPLOYMENT/POVERTY IN THE COMMUNITY AND THE CRIME RATE. THE STUDY OF NINE TOWNSHIPS IN RURAL OHIO SHOWED THAT CRIME RATES WERE NOT RANDOM BUT WERE CORRELATED WITH SEVERAL COMMUNITY CHARACTERISTICS. THE EMPIRICAL RESULTS SHOWED LARCENY-THEFT TO BE THE MOST WIDESPREAD CRIME COMMITTED IN THE COMMUNITIES, FOLLOWED BY VANDALISM AND BURGLARY. SIX OF SIXTEEN VARIABLES ACCOUNTED FOR VARIATIONS IN THE CRIME RATE. POSITIVE CORRELATIONS WERE FOUND BETWEEN THE CRIME RATE AND THE EXTENT OF MARITAL INSTABILITY, THE CRIME PREVENTION EFFORTS, AND THE COMMUNITY SATISFACTION LEVEL. NEGATIVE CORRELATIONS WERE FOUND BETWEEN THE CRIME RATE AND THE DEGREE OF POPULATION CHANGE AND THE LEVELS OF EDUCATION AND POVERTY. ALTHOUGH A NEGATIVE CORRELATION WAS FOUND BETWEEN THE CRIME RATE AND THE PRESENCE OF YOUNG MALES, THE DEGREE OF CORRELATION WAS CONSIDERED INSIGNIFICANT. EXPLANATIONS FOR THE CONCLUSIONS ARE PROVIDED, AND IT IS SPECULATED THAT THE CRIME RATE WOULD BE MORE PREDICTABLE IF ADDITIONAL VARIABLES WERE EXAMINED. THE DOCUMENT PROVIDES THE QUESTIONNAIRE USED TO COLLECT COMMUNITY DATA, TABLES ILLUSTRATING THE DATA, DEFINITIONS OF CRIMES SURVEYED AND VARIABLES EXAMINED, A LIST OF OFFENSES BASED ON SHERIFFS' REPORTS, AND A MAP OF THE STUDIED AREA.
Index Term(s): Crime patterns; Crime Rate; Crime surveys; Demography; Geographic distribution of crime; Ohio; Questionnaires; Rural area studies
Note: OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY - DOCTORAL DISSERTATION
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50994

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