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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 51007 Find in a Library
Title: DELINQUENT, DELINQUENCY, AND THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM (FROM READINGS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE - AN INTRODUCTION TO THE SYSTEM, 1978, BY EDWARD E PEOPLES - SEE NCJ-51006)
Author(s): E E PEOPLES
Corporate Author: Goodyear Publishing Co
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: Goodyear Publishing Co
Santa Monica, CA 90401
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: DELINQUENCY AND THE DELINQUENT ARE CHARACTERIZED, AND THE PROCESS AND PROCEDURES OF THE JUVENILE COURT-PROBATION SYSTEM ARE DESCRIBED.
Abstract: VARIOUS THEORIES HAVE BEEN OFFERED TO EXPLAIN THE CAUSES OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY BUT NO ONE THEORY OR METHOD OF TREATMENT IS ADEQUATE TO DEAL WITH THE COMPLEX PATTERNS OF DELINQUENCY. THE SCOPE OF DELINQUENCY IS CONSIDERED, AND THE DELINQUENT ACTIVITY OF JUVENILES IS SHOWN TO BE INCREASING IN COMPARISON TO THEIR REPRESENTATION IN THE GENERAL POPULATION. THE LEGAL DEFINITION OF DELINQUENCY DEPENDS UPON THE MANDATED AGE OF MATURITY AND ADULT RESPONSIBILITY IN VARIOUS STATES. CLASSIFICATIONS OF JUVENILES PROCESSED BY THE JUVENILE SYSTEM ARE DISCUSSED UNDER THE FOLLOWING DESCRIPTIONS: THE DEPENDENT-NEGLECTED, OR ABUSED YOUTH; THE PREDELINQUENT, OR YOUTH SHOWING DELINQUENT TENDENCIES; AND THE DELINQUENT, ACCUSED OF ACTS WHICH ARE CRIMES IF PERPETRATED BY AN ADULT. THE GENERAL COURT STRUCTURE OF THE JUVENILE SYSTEM AND ITS CENTRAL PERSONNEL ARE DESCRIBED. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN JUVENILE PROBATION AND THE COURT IS DISCUSSED, ALONG WITH THE PROCEDURE OF PROBATION INTAKE. PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH JUVENILE DETENTION (I.E., CONFINEMENT WITHOUT TREATMENT) ARE IDENTIFIED. THE LEGAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE JUVENILE COURT HEARING AND ITS EVOLUTION FROM AN INFORMAL HEARING TO A PROCEEDING SIMILAR TO CRIMINAL TRIALS ARE DESCRIBED. FACTORS CONSIDERED IN DISPOSITIONAL DECISIONMAKING AND THE CURRENT CONTROVERSY SURROUNDING THE STATUS OFFENDER ARE DISCUSSED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Juvenile court procedures; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile detention; Juvenile justice system; Juvenile processing; Juvenile status offenders; Probation; Sentencing/Sanctions
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51007

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