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NCJ Number: 51009 Find in a Library
Title: PROBATION (FROM READINGS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE - AN INTRODUCTION TO THE SYSTEM, 1978, BY EDWARD E PEOPLES SEE NCJ-51006)
Author(s): ANON
Corporate Author: Goodyear Publishing Co
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: Goodyear Publishing Co
Santa Monica, CA 90401
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: DEFINITIONS AND THE EVOLUTION OF PROBATION, ITS GOVERNMENTAL FRAMEWORK, ADMINISTRATION, AND SERVICES TO PROBATIONERS ARE THE TOPICS CONSIDERED.
Abstract: DEFINITIONS OF PROBATION CAN REFER TO A DISPOSITION, A STATUS, A SYSTEM OR SUBSYSTEM, AND A PROCESS. EACH OF THESE ASPECTS OF PROBATION IS BRIEFLY DISCUSSED. THE EVOLUTION OF PROBATION IS TRACED BACK TO ITS ORIGINS IN ENGLISH COMMON LAW, AND ITS FUTURE IS VIEWED AS THE KEY TO THE INCREASED EMPHASIS ON COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS. THE GOVERNMENTAL FRAMEWORK OF PROBATION IS EXAMINED WITHIN DISCUSSIONS ON JUDICIAL VERSUS EXECUTIVE BRANCH JURISDICTION OVER PROBATION AND STATE VERSUS LOCAL ADMINISTRATION. PROBATION ADMINISTRATION IS ONE OF THE MAJOR PROBLEM AREAS IN THE PROBATION SYSTEM; THE NEED FOR ADMINISTRATORS TO FORMULATE GOALS, TRAINING NEEDS FOR PROBATION ADMINISTRATORS, AND DYSFUNCTIONS IN PROBATION OPERATION ARE EXAMINED. THE CURRENT SERVICE SYSTEM FOR PROBATIONERS IS BELIEVED TO BE FAILING BECAUSE THE GOAL OF SERVICE DELIVERY TO PROBATIONERS HAS NOT BEEN DELINEATED CLEARLY AND GIVEN THE PRIORITY REQUIRED. IT IS FURTHER ARGUED THAT AN OVEREMPHASIS ON CASEWORK AND CASELOAD AS THE METHOD AND STANDARD FOR SERVICE DELIVERY HAS CAUSED ADMINISTRATORS TO OVERLOOK MORE EFFECTIVE SERVICE DELIVERY METHODS. IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT IN THE FUTURE PROBATION AGENCIES ORGANIZE THEMSELVES SO AS TO COORDINATE A VARIETY OF COMMUNITY SERVICES ACCORDING TO THE DIAGNOSED NEEDS OF INDIVIDUAL PROBATIONERS. UNDER THIS SYSTEM PROBATION OFFICERS WOULD SERVE AS COMMUNITY RESOURCE MANAGERS, WHO WILL ACTIVATE AND SUPERVISE THE DELIVERY OF AVAILABLE COMMUNITY SERVICES FOR THE BENEFIT OF EACH PROBATIONER FOR WHOM THEY ARE RESPONSIBLE. NOTES ARE INCLUDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Caseloads; Corrections management; Critiques; Management by objectives; Probation; Probation or parole agencies; Probation or parole officers; Probation or parole services
Note: FROM CORRECTIONS, REPORT BY THE NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMISSION ON CRIMINAL JUSTICE STANDARDS AND GOALS, 1973, P 311-333
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51009

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