skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 51013 Find in a Library
Title: INTERVIEWS AND INTERROGATION (FROM INTRODUCTION TO MODERN CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION - WITH BASIC LABORATORY TECHNIQUES, 1978, BY S S KRISHNAN - SEE NCJ-51012)
Author(s): C MAYWOOD
Corporate Author: Charles C. Thomas
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: Charles C. Thomas
Springfield, IL 62704
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE TECHNIQUES AND FORMAT FOR EFFECTIVE INTERVIEWS OF POTENTIAL WITNESSES AND INTERROGATIONS OF SUSPECTED OFFENDERS ARE DISCUSSED.
Abstract: FOLLOWING A REVIEW OF THE DISTINCTION BETWEEN THE UTILITY OF PHYSICAL VERSUS VERBAL EVIDENCE, INTERVIEWING SELECTED TYPES OF WITNESSES IS DISCUSSED, WITH ATTENTION TO CHILDREN, ADOLESCENT WITNESSES, MIDDLE-AGED PEOPLE, AND OLDER INDIVIDUALS. THE COMMUNICATION PROCESS IS ANALYZED IN TERMS OF ENCODING (SELECTING WORDS AND IDEAS FORMING A LINE INQUIRY), DECODING AND INTERPRETING (DETERMINING THE INTENT AND MEANING OF A MESSAGE), REPLY (REVERSING THE ENCODING, DECODING, AND INTERPRETING PROCESS), AND TONE AND GESTURE (THE PARALANGUAGE AND KINESIC MESSAGES ACCOMPANYING THE ACTUAL VERBAL COMMUNICATION). FACTORS UNDERLYING SUCCESSFUL INTERVIEWING ARE IDENTIFIED, INCLUDING THE EFFECT OF THE INTERVIEWER'S APPROACH, PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH NOTE-TAKING, AND THE LOCATION AND STRUCTURE OF THE QUESTIONING. HELPFUL HINTS FOR INTERVIEWERS ARE PROVIDED. THE PROCESS OF INTERROGATING A SUSPECT OR SOMEONE ATTEMPTING TO WITHHOLD INFORMATION IS DETAILED, WITH EMPHASIS ON CONFESSIONS, PRIVACY, PREPARATION FOR AND CONDUCT OF QUESTIONING, TYPES OF SUBJECTS, PHYSIOLOGICAL CHANGES (I.E., SWEATING, NERVOUSNESS, AND OTHER OBVIOUS CONDITIONS INDICATING POSSIBLE DECEIT), TECHNIQUES FOR EASING UNCOOPERATIVENESS CAUSED BY AN OVERWHELMING FEAR OF GUILT, AND THE GOOD GUY/BAD GUY TRICK. SUGGESTED READINGS ARE PROVIDED. (KBL)
Index Term(s): Interview and interrogation; Suspect interrogation; Techniques; Witnesses
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51013

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.