skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 51026 Find in a Library
Title: FAMILY COURT PLACEMENT OF MENTALLY RETARDED JUVENILE OFFENDERS AND THE USE OF INTELLIGENCE TESTING - A REPLY TO SUSSMAN
Author(s): P V OLCZAK; M W STOTT
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: MENTAL RETARDATION AMONG JUVENILE OFFENDERS, THE USE OF INTELLIGENCE TESTS IN COURT DISPOSITIONS, AND PLACEMENT ISSUES ARE EXAMINED IN TERMS OF THE THEORY OF SUSSMAN.
Abstract: IN A 1974 ARTICLE ON THE USE OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING IN THE JUVENILE JUSTICE PROCESS, SUSSMAN ARGUED THAT INTELLIGENCE TESTS ARE DISCRIMINATORY AND CAUSE SERIOUS DISPOSITIONAL AND CLASSIFICATION ERRORS IN THE JUDICIAL PROCESS. THE MAJOR THRUST OF THE ARTICLE IS THAT THE ADMINISTRATION OF INTELLIGENCE TESTS TO CHILDREN AND THE USE OF TEST RESULTS AS EVIDENCE IN FAMILY COURTS DEPRIVE CHILDREN OF THEIR LEGAL RIGHTS AND SHOULD THEREFORE BE DISCONTINUED. TO EVALUATE SUSSMAN'S THEORY, AN INVESTIGATION WAS CONDUCTED THAT EXAMINED THE RELATION BETWEEN AN INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT (I.Q.) SCORE BELOW 70 AND PLACEMENT IN STATE RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS FOR THE MENTALLY RETARDED. DATA WERE OBTAINED IN 1973-1974 FROM A FAMILY COURT PSYCHIATRIC CLINIC IN A LARGE METROPOLITAN AREA. OF INTELLIGENCE TESTS ADMINISTERED TO 807 ADJUDICATED JUVENILE OFFENDERS, 33 PERSONS OBTAINED SCORES OF 69 OR BELOW. THERE WAS NO INSTANCE OF A RETARDED JUVENILE OFFENDER PLACED IN A STATE DEVELOPMENTAL CENTER. OF THE 33 PERSONS WITH SCORES OF 69 OR BELOW, 17 WERE REMOVED FROM THEIR HOMES AND 16 WERE EITHER PLACED ON PROBATION SUPERVISION OR RELEASED CONTRARY TO SUSSMAN'S THEORY, SLIGHTLY LESS THAN HALF (7 OF 17) OF THOSE REMOVED FROM THEIR HOMES BY REFERRAL TO THE NEW YORK STATE DIVISION FOR YOUTH WERE PLACED IN STATE TRAINING SCHOOLS. EIGHT CHILDREN WERE PLACED IN PRIVATE RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS AND/OR FOSTER HOMES. INTELLIGENCE TESTING CAN BE PART OF A SUCCESSFUL PLACEMENT PROGRAM FOR RETARDED JUVENILE OFFENDERS. REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Dispositions; Intelligence Quotient (IQ); Mentally ill offenders; Psychological evaluation; Testing and measurement
Note: REPRINTED FROM CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND BEHAVIOR, V 3, N 1 (MARCH 1976), P 23-28
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51026

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.