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NCJ Number: 51032 Find in a Library
Title: PUBLIC ATTITUDES TOWARD COMMUNITY BASED CORRECTIONS
Author(s): H W ROLL
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 154
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: USING A RANDOM SAMPLE OF 500 HEADS OF HOUSEHOLDS IN SPOKANE, WASH., A STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO IDENTIFY SOCIAL FACTORS WHICH LEAD TO APPROVAL OR DISAPPROVAL OF COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTION PROGRAMS.
Abstract: THE STUDY FOCUSED ON FOUR CLASSES OF VARIABLES: DEMOGRAPHIC, IDEOLOGICAL ORIENTATION, SOCIAL DISTANCE (TOLERANCE FOR OFFENDERS), AND PROGRAM SUPPORT. IT WAS FOUND THAT THE PUBLIC IS MORE APPROVING OF THE COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTION CONCEPT THAN DECISIONMAKERS IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM BELIEVE THEM TO BE. THE CONCEPT OF COMMUNITY BASED CORRECTIONS WAS WELL ACCEPTED: 83 PERCENT FAVORING WORK RELEASE PROGRAMS; 79 PERCENT TRAINING RELEASE PROGRAMS; AND 70 PERCENT HALFWAY HOUSES. RESPONDENTS WHO HAD BEEN VICTIMIZED SUPPORTED COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS MORE OFTEN THAN THOSE WHO HAD NEVER HAD ANY EXPERIENCE WITH THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. MOST RESPONDENTS WERE SENSITIVE TO THE RE-ENTRY PROBLEMS OF THE EX-OFFENDER DESPITE THE SAMPLE'S STRONG LAW-AND-ORDER ATTITUDE. APPROVAL DECREASED CONSIDERABLY, HOWEVER, WHEN CERTAIN TYPES OF PROGRAMS WERE PROPOSED FOR THE RESPONDENT'S OWN NEIGHBORHOOD. APPROVAL DROPPED TO 35.8 PERCENT FOR A HALFWAY HOUSE, PRERELEASE CENTER, OR COMMUNITY CORRECTION CENTER IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD, AND ONLY 11.3 PERCENT FELT NEIGHBORS WOULD APPROVE. THE DEGREE OF PROGRAM SUPPORT WAS NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES, HOWEVER, KNOWLEDGE OF AN INDIVIDUAL'S IDEOLOGICAL STANCE WITH RESPECT TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE ISSUES AND HIS TOLERANCE FOR OFFENDERS CAN BE USED TO PREDICT THE ACCEPTANCE OF A PARTICULAR COMMUNITY-BASED PROGRAM. PROGRAMS WITH A STRONG WORK OR TRAINING COMPONENT ARE ALSO LIKELY TO RECEIVE GREATER ACCEPTANCE. POLICY IMPLICATIONS AND SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH ARE DISCUSSED. TABLES PRESENT STUDY DATA. THE SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE; SUMMARY TABLES, WHICH GIVE THE MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS OF THE DATA, AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE APPENDED. (GLR)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community-based corrections (adult); Halfway houses; Public Attitudes/Opinion; Washington; Work release
Note: WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY - DOCTORAL DISSERTATION
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51032

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