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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 51041 Find in a Library
Title: RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN NON-LEGAL, SOCIAL VARIABLES AND JUVENILE COURT OUTCOME
Author(s): W A HARRINGTON
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 109
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE JUVENILE COURT OF A SOUTHERN CITY IN THE UNITED STATES WAS INVESTIGATED TO ASCERTAIN THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LEGAL VARIABLES OF OFFENSE SERIOUSNESS AND RECIDIVISM AND SOCIAL VARIABLES IN DISPOSITION.
Abstract: THE SAMPLE FOR THE INVESTIGATION INCLUDED ALL JUVENILES WHO WERE ADJUDICATED DELINQUENT DURING A 2-YEAR PERIOD FROM JANUARY 1, 1972 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 1973. A TOTAL OF 472 CASES WERE INCLUDED. TYPES OF OFFENSES ENCOMPASSED LARCENY, UNDISCIPLINED OFFENSES, MULTIPLE OFFENSES, BREAKING AND ENTERING, ASSAULT, DRUG OFFENSES, UNDESIGNATED OFFENSES, AND HOMICIDE. IT WAS HYPOTHESIZED THAT NONLEGAL SOCIAL VARIABLES MOST OFTEN EMPLOYED IN JUVENILE COURT STUDIES (AGE, SEX, RACE, AND SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS) WOULD BE SIGNIFICANTLY RELATED TO DISPOSITION. JUVENILES WHO WERE OLDER, FEMALE, BLACK, AND FROM LOWER SOCIOECONOMIC FAMILIES WERE EXPECTED TO RECEIVE MORE SEVERE SANCTIONS. CONTINGENCY TABLE ANALYSIS AND CHI-SQUARE TECHNIQUES APPLIED TO THE DATA INDICATED THAT BLACKS AND LOWER-STATUS JUVENILES WERE OVERREPRESENTED IN THE JUVENILE COURT BUT THAT THERE WAS NO BIAS TOWARD EITHER OF THESE SOCIAL VARIABLES. AGE WAS RELATED TO DISPOSITION; OLDER JUVENILES WERE MORE LIKELY TO RECEIVE HARSHER DISPOSITIONS THAN YOUNGER JUVENILES. CONTROLLING FOR LEGAL VARIABLES EXPLAINED THIS RELATIONSHIP AND, CONSEQUENTLY, THERE WAS NO BIAS BASED ON AGE. SEX WAS RELATED TO DISPOSITION AND THE RELATIONSHIP REMAINED WHEN LEGAL VARIABLES WERE USED AS CONTROLS. FEMALES WERE MORE LIKELY TO BE INSTITUTIONALIZED THAN MALES, EVEN WHEN OFFENSE SERIOUSNESS AND RECIDIVISM WERE CONSIDERED. THE AVAILABILITY OF A SOCIAL STUDY FOR A TRIAL WAS MORE LIKELY TO RESULT IN AN INSTITUTIONAL DISPOSITION. APPENDIXES CONTAIN THE DATA COLLECTION FORM, SUPPORTING DATA, AND PROCEDURAL INFORMATION. A BIBLIOGRAPHY IS PROVIDED. (AUTHOR'S ABSTRACT MODIFIED--DEP)
Index Term(s): Juvenile adjudication; Juvenile courts; Juvenile Recidivism
Note: UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA - DOCTORAL DISSERTATION
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51041

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