skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 51044 Find in a Library
Title: ROLE OF THE JUDGE IN THE JUVENILE COURT
Author(s): R E KEIM
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 91
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: DEVELOPMENT OF A QUESTIONNAIRE TO MEASURE THE ROLE OF JUVENILE COURT JUDGES IN KANSAS AND THE EFFECT OF THEIR PHILOSOPHY ON CASE OUTCOME IS DESCRIBED. FINDINGS OF THE STUDY ARE THEN DISCUSSED.
Abstract: THE PROCESS USED TO DEVELOP A QUESTIONNAIRE TO MEASURE THE ORIENTATION OF JUVENILE JUDGES (PSYCHOSOCIAL OR LEGALISTIC), FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH THIS ORIENTATION, RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ORIENTATION AND ROLE EXPECTATIONS, AND EFFECT OF ORIENTATION ON CASE OUTCOME ARE DISCUSSED IN THIS DISSERTATION. COMPLETED QUESTIONNARES WERE RECEIVED FROM 64 OF 105 KANSAS JUVENILE JUDGES. IT WAS FOUND THAT AS MANY JUDGES ESPOUSED A PSYCHOSOCIAL OUTLOOK AS DID A LEGALISTIC ONE AND THAT MANY COMPROMISED BOTH OUTLOOKS. PSYCHO-SOCIAL ORIENTATION WAS ASSOCIATED WITH GREATER EDUCATION, SMALLER COMMUNITIES, YOUNGER AGE, AND LONGER TENURE IN OFFICE. FEMALE JUDGES WERE ALSO MORE LIKELY TO HAVE A PSYCHOSOCIAL OUTLOOK. THE PERSONS WHOSE OPINIONS WERE VALUED MOST WERE THE PROSECUTING ATTORNEY AND THE PROBATION OFFICER. NEARLY ALL THE PROBATION OFFICERS WERE SEEN AS PSYCHOSOCIAL IN OUTLOOK WHILE LEGALISTIC OUTLOOKS PREDOMINATED AMONG THE ATTORNEYS. IN CASES OF CONFLICT THE JUDGE MEDIATED RATHER THAN ISSUED AN ORDER. THE CASE OUTCOME STUDY SHOWED THAT JUDGES IN LARGER COUNTIES WITH MANY RESOURCES WERE MORE LIKELY TO ORDER INTENSIVE TREATMENT PROGRAMS REGARDLESS OF ORIENTATION. THE SURVEY INSTRUMENT IS APPENDED. A BIBLIOGRAPHY IS INCLUDED. (GLR)
Index Term(s): Attitudes; Judges; Juvenile adjudication; Juvenile courts; Kansas; Questionnaires; Surveys
Note: UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS - DOCTORAL DISSERTATION
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51044

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.