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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 51061 Find in a Library
Title: PHILADELPHIA (PA) PRETRIAL ALTERNATIVES PROJECT
Corporate Author: Philadelphia Cmssn for Effective Criminal Justice
United States of America

Philadelphia Bar Assoc
United States of America
Project Director: A M I SCOTT
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 68
Sponsoring Agency: American Bar Assoc (Basics)
Washington, DC 20036
Edna McConnell Clark Foundation
New York, NY 10177
Philadelphia Bar Assoc
Philadelphia, PA 19107
Philadelphia Cmssn for Effective Criminal Justice
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Sale Source: American Bar Assoc (Basics)
Bar Assoc Support to Improve Correctional Services
1800 M Street, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE PHILADELPHIA PRETRIAL ALTERNATIVES PROJECT (PPAP) WAS ESTABLISHED TO EXAMINE THE PHILADELPHIA CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM WITH RESPECT TO ITS HANDLING OF DEFENDANTS WHO ARE JAILED PRIOR TO TRIAL.
Abstract: FOUR ASSUMPTIONS INFORMED THIS EXAMINATION: (1) THE PUBLIC INTEREST DEMANDED A BALANCE BETWEEN THE ASSURANCE OF A DEFENDANT'S APPEARANCE AT TRIAL AND THE AVOIDANCE OF WASTE OF RESOURCES CAUSED BY UNNECESSARY DETENTION; (2) INAPPROPRIATE JAILING NOT ONLY WASTED PUBLIC RESOURCES, BUT ALSO IMPOSED DISRUPTION AND DAMAGE IN THE LIFE OF THE DEFENDANT AND THE DEFENDANT'S FAMILY; (3) THE PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE DEMANDED EXTREME CAUTION IN DECIDING TO DEPRIVE A DEFENDANT OF HIS OR HER LIBERTY; AND (4) THE DEVELOPING LEGAL STANDARD WHICH WOULD REQUIRE THE STATE TO IMPOSE THE LEAST RESTRICTIVE ALTERNATIVE TO ASSURE A TRIAL APPEARANCE WAS A VIABLE STANDARD BOTH IN THE INTERESTS OF JUSTICE AND OF THE PUBLIC. THE PROJECT WAS SET UP AND FUNCTIONED UNDER THE JOINT AUSPICES OF THE PHILADELPHIA BAR ASSOCIATION AND THE CITY'S COMMISSION FOR EFFECTIVE CRIMINAL JUSTICE. THE PROJECT EXPLORATED THE LEGAL BASIS AND ARGUMENTS FOR THE APPLICATION OF THE LEAST RESTRICTIVE ALTERNATIVE STANDARD, ANALYZED THE NATURE OF DEFENDANTS INCARCERATED IN CITY JAILS, AND CONSIDERED SPECIFIC SYSTEM CHANGES WHICH MIGHT APPROPRIATELY REDUCE THE PRETRIAL POPULATION. THE PRETRIAL POPULATION OF THE CITY'S JAILS IS DESCRIBED, FOLLOWED BY A DISCUSSION OF RECOMMENDED SYSTEM CHANGES AND THEIR PROBABLE POPULATION IMPACT. THE LEGAL GROUNDS FOR THE APPLICATION OF THE LEAST RESTRICTIVE ALTERNATIVE STANDARDS ARE EXAMINED, ALONG WITH SELECTED ALTERNATIVES, INCLUDING DETAINER INTERVENTIONS, CONDITIONAL RELEASE, ALTERNATIVE FACILITIES, PRIORITY LISTING, INTAKE SERVICES, DEFERRED SENTENCE INTERVENTIONS, AND SHORT-TERM DETENTION INTERVENTIONS. AN INDEX OF PROPOSED INTERVENTIONS IS PROVIDED. REFERENCES ARE FOOTNOTED. (KBL)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Detention; Pennsylvania; Pretrial procedures; Program evaluation; Standards
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51061

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