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NCJ Number: 51073 Find in a Library
Title: IMPACT AND IMPLICATIONS FOR FUTURE CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM EFFORTS (FROM POLICE COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY, 1978, BY KENT W COLTON - SEE NCJ-51065)
Author(s): S HEBERT
Corporate Author: Lexington Books
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Lexington Books
New York, NY 10022
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE CRIME COMMISSION'S FAITH IN TECHNOLOGY TO REDUCE CRIME IS CALLED MISPLACED. THE SMALL ROLE THAT PATROL RESPONSE TIME PLAYS IN CRIME DETERRENCE COMPARED TO THE LARGE ROLE COURT DECISIONS PLAY IS EXAMINED.
Abstract: REVIEW OF COMPUTER-AIDED POLICE PATROL ALLOCATION PROGRAMS IN 10 CITIES FINDS THAT ONLY 2 OF THESE CITIES HAVE CONTINUED TO USE THIS EXPENSIVE TECHNOLOGY. YET, CONSULTANTS, COMPUTER COMPANIES, AND THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT CONTINUE TO TOUT TECHNOLOGY AS AN IMPORTANT TOOL IN THE 'WAR ON CRIME.' CRIME IS CALLED A FUNCTION OF SOCIAL CONDITIONS, THE CERTAINTY OF PUNISHMENT, AND DECISIONS MADE AT EVERY STEP OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROCESS. SINCE NO MORE THAN 20 PERCENT OF ALL REPORTED CRIMES RESULT IN CONVICTION, EVEN IF RESPONSE TIME COULD BE IMPROVED SO THAT ARREST RATES INCREASED 50 PERCENT (WHICH IS UNLIKELY), THE RISK OF CONVICTION WOULD ONLY INCREASE FROM 1 IN 5 TO 3 IN 10. IT IS DOUBTED THAT THIS WOULD HAVE STRONG DETERRENT EFFECT. IT IS ALSO POINTED OUT THAT MANY POLICE DEPARTMENTS ALREADY HAVE EXCELLENT RESPONSE TIMES WITHOUT SOPHISTICATED ALLOCATION SCHEMES. IT IS SUGGESTED THAT REFORM EFFORTS BE FOCUSED ON SOCIAL CONDITIONS, DECISIONS MADE WITHIN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM, AND ALTERNATIVES TO INCARCERATION WHICH MIGHT RESULT IN LOWER RECIDIVISM RATES. NOTES AND REFERENCES ARE APPENDED. (GLR)
Index Term(s): Computer aided operations; Correctional reform; Court reform; Crime Rate; Criminal justice system reform; Deterrence; Patrol
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51073

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