skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 51126 Find in a Library
Title: TIME FOR IMPROVEMENT IN OUR JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM
Journal: FORENSIC QUARTERLY  Volume:50  Issue:4  Dated:(1976)  Pages:485-492
Author(s): B BAYH
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 8
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE PRESENT SYSTEM FOR HANDLING JUVENILE OFFENDERS, PARTICULARLY JUVENILE STATUS OFFENDERS, IS CRITICIZED. REFORMS PROPOSED BY THE JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY ACT OF 1974 ARE LISTED.
Abstract: AN OVERVIEW IS GIVEN OF THE INCREASE OF JUVENILE CRIME. POINTING OUT THAT PERSONS AGED 10-17 YEARS MAKE UP ONLY 16 PERCENT OF THE POPULATION BUT ACCOUNT FOR 45 PERCENT OF ARRESTS FOR SERIOUS CRIME. THIS IS BLAMED ON UNEMPLOYMENT AMONG TEENAGERS, FAMILY UNEMPLOYMENT, AND SOCIAL INSTABILITY. THESE SOCIAL FACTORS ARE ALSO BLAMED FOR THE RISE IN THE NUMBER OF STATUS OFFENDERS. THE PLIGHT OF THESE STATUS OFFENDERS IS CALLED PARTICULARLY TRAGIC. TESTIMONY BEFORE THE U.S. SUBCOMMITTEE TO INVESTIGATE JUVENILE DELINQUENCY DETAILED CASE AFTER CASE OF CHILDREN WHO HAD COMMITTED NO CRIME MORE SERIOUS THAN RUNNING AWAY FROM HOME OR ARGUING WITH THEIR PARENTS AND YET WERE INCARCERATED IN JAILS OR DETENTION HOMES. THIS PUT THEM IN DIRECT CONTACT WITH ADULTS AND YOUNG PEOPLE WITH CRIMINAL HISTORIES, AND ALSO PROVIDED THEM WITH A CRIMINAL HISTORY OF THEIR OWN WHICH OFTEN FOLLOWED THEM INTO ADULT LIFE. GIRLS ARE THE GREATEST VICTIMS OF THIS SYSTEM, BEING INCARCERATED MORE OFTEN AND FOR LONGER PERIODS OF TIME. THE JUVENILE JUSTICE ACT PROVIDES FEDERAL AID FOR ALTERNATIVES TO INCARCERATION FOR STATUS OFFENDERS, ENABLES LOCAL GOVERNMENTS TO ESTABLISH SHELTERS FOR RUNAWAYS, PULLS FEDERAL PROGRAMS SCATTERED THROUGHOUT A NUMBER OF AGENCIES INTO AN OFFICE OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY PREVENTION, AND SPONSORS AN INFORMATION CLEARINGHOUSE. LOCAL COMMUNITIES NEED TO MAKE USE OF FEDERAL ASSISTANCE TO DEVELOP PROGRAMS TO MEET LOCAL PROBLEMS AND RESEARCH NEEDS TO RECOGNIZE THAT JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IS NOT AN EXCLUSIVELY MALE PROBLEM. JUVENILE JUSTICE IMPROVEMENT IS CALLED A CHALLENGE THE UNITED STATES CANNOT AFFORD TO IGNORE. (GLR)
Index Term(s): Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act; Juvenile justice reform; Juvenile justice system
Note: ARTICLE ADAPTED FROM ONE ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED IN CONJUNCTION WITH A 'BICENTENNIAL JUSTICE' PROGRAM SPONSORED BY THE AMERICAN JUDICATURE SOCIETY IN PHILADELPHIA, JULY 4, 1976
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51126

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.