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NCJ Number: 51135 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: PERCEIVED RISK OF PUNISHMENT AND SELF-REPORTED DELINQUENCY
Journal: SOCIAL FORCES  Volume:57  Issue:1  Dated:(SEPTEMBER 1978)  Pages:57-78
Author(s): G F JENSEN; M L ERICKSON; J P GIBBS
Corporate Author: University of North Carolina Press
Marketing Manager
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: Institute for Scientific Information
Philadelphia, PA 19104
University of North Carolina Press
Chapel Hill, NC 27515-2288
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20857
Grant Number: MH22350
Sale Source: Institute for Scientific Information
University City Science Ctr
3501 Market Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: AFTER A REVIEW OF DETERRENCE RESEARCH, AN EXAMINATION OF SURVEY DATA COLLECTED FROM SIX ARIZONA HIGH SCHOOLS SHOWS SUPPORT FOR DETERRENCE THEORY IN THAT PERCEIVED RISK OF PUNISHMENT IS INVERSELY RELATED TO SELF-REPORTED CRIME.
Abstract: THE SURVEY WAS CONDUCTED AT THREE SMALL-TOWN AND THREE METROPOLITAN SCHOOLS DURING BOTH THE 1973-1974 AND 1974-1975 SCHOOL TERMS. AN ANONYMOUS QUESTIONNAIRE WAS USED TO GATHER RESPONSES FROM APPROXIMATELY 4,000 STUDENTS. THREE MEASURES OF PERCEIVED RISK WERE EMPLOYED INCLUDING TWO AGGREGATE AND QUANTITATIVE MEASURES AND A PERSONAL QUALITATIVE MEASURE. THE INCIDENCE OF DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR WAS TESTED BY ASKING STUDENTS HOW MANY TIMES THEY HAD COMMITTED CERTAIN TYPES OF OFFENSES IN THE LAST YEAR, AND OTHER VARIABLES WERE MEASURED SUCH AS NORMS OF DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR AND TIES TO CONVENTIONAL SOCIETY. TABLES ARE PROVIDED ILLUSTRATING FINDINGS. CONSISTENT WITH THE DETERRENCE DOCTRINE, PERCEIVED RISK OF PUNISHMENT AND SELF-REPORTED DELINQUENCY ARE RELATED INVERSELY, REGARDLESS OF THE LOCATION OF THE SCHOOLS, TYPE OF DELINQUENCY, OR THE KIND OF MEASURE OF PERCEIVED RISK. HOWEVER, MEASURES OF PERCEIVED PERSONAL RISK (THE INDIVIDUAL'S PERCEPTION OF HIS OR HER OWN RISK) PROVIDE MORE CONSISTENT SUPPORT FOR THE DETERRENCE DOCTRINE THAN MEASURES OF PERCEIVED AGGREGATE RISK (PERCEPTION OF THE RISK FOR ALL JUVENILES IN THE SAME COMMUNITY). MOREOVER, PERSONAL RISK IS INVERSELY RELATED TO DELINQUENCY EVEN WHEN SOCIAL CONDEMNATION OF DELINQUENT OFFENSES, ATTACHMENT TO CONVENTIONAL PERSONS, AND SEVERAL STATUS CHARACTERISTICS OF THE STUDENT, SUCH AS AGE, SEX, AND ETHNIC STATUS, ARE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT. THE SURVEY INSTRUMENT IS NOT INCLUDED. BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--DAG)
Index Term(s): Arizona; Deterrence; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juveniles; Self reported crimes
Note: PAPER BASED ON DATA GATHERED AS PART OF A LARGER STUDY OF COMMUNITY TOLERANCE AND MEASURES OF DELINQUENCY
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51135

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