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NCJ Number: 51159 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: JUVENILE COURTS IN THE COMMUNITY ENVIRONMENT
Author(s): C A MCNEECE
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 286
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 73NI-99-0019G
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: SIX COURTS FROM SIX STATES ARE STUDIED TO DETERMINE THE OPERATION OF THE JUVENILE COURT WITHIN THE COMMUNITY ENVIRONMENT, MECHANISMS LINKING COURTS TO COMMUNITY RESOURCES, AND FACTORS AFFECTING CASE OUTCOMES.
Abstract: BECAUSE OF THE CONFIDENTIAL NATURE OF JUVENILE COURTS, FICTITIOUS NAMES ARE USED FOR BOTH COURTS AND STATES IN THIS STUDY. THE STATES WERE SELECTED FROM AMONG THOSE WITH HIGH AND LOW RATINGS ON DUE PROCESS VARIABLES AND HIGH AND LOW DEGREES OF CENTRALIZED PROBATION, AS DETERMINED BY THE NATIONAL ASSESSMENT OF JUVENILE CORRECTIONS CONDUCTED BY THE UNIVERSITY OF MICH. THEY WERE GEOGRAPHICALLY DIVERSE. THE SIX CASE STUDIES DESCRIBE COURT OPERATION, THE SOCIOECONOMIC AND POLITICAL ATMOSPHERE OF THE COMMUNITY, AND COMMUNITY RESOURCES AVAILABLE TO THE COURT. THEN COURT AND COMMUNITY LINKAGES ARE STUDIED TOGETHER WITH THE OPERATIONAL NORMS OF THE COURTS AND MAJOR COMMUNITY INSTITUTIONS. THE WAYS COURT AND COMMUNITY EXPECTATIONS INFLUENCE CASE OUTCOMES AND USE OF RESOURCES ARE EXPLORED. INTERVIEWS WITH COURT PERSONNEL, QUESTIONNAIRES, AND ONSITE OBSERVATIONS ARE USED TO DEVELOP THESE CASE HISTORIES. TABLES PRESENT STUDY DATA. IT WAS FOUND THAT CASE OUTCOMES DO NOT DEPEND UPON AVAILABLE COMMUNITY RESOURCES, AS HYPOTHESIZED, BUT RATHER ON COMMUNITY EXPECTATIONS AND COURT PHILOSOPHY. THE INTERACTION BETWEEN COMMUNITY VALUES AND COURT DISPOSITION OF JUVENILES IS DISCUSSED AT LENGTH. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT THIS STUDY'S MOST IMPORTANT DISCOVERY IS THE DEGREE OF AUTONOMY WHICH COURTS AND JUDGES HAVE IN DECIDING THE FATE OF THEIR CLIENTS, AN AUTONOMY POSSIBLE ONLY BECAUSE OF THE RELATIVE ISOLATION OF THE COURTS FROM ENVIRONMENTAL PRESSURES. THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE JUDGE IS CALLED THE SINGLE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR AFFECTING THE OUTCOME OF A JUVENILE CASE. APPENDIXES CONTAIN SAMPLE QUESTIONS FROM THE COURT QUESTIONNAIRE, SAMPLE QUESTIONS FROM THE COMMUNITY QUESTIONNAIRE, AND REFERENCES. (GLR)
Index Term(s): Community involvement; Community relations; Community resources; Juvenile adjudication; Juvenile court procedures; Juvenile courts; Organization studies; Studies; University of Michigan
Note: UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN - DOCTORAL DISSERTATION
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51159

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