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NCJ Number: 51163 Find in a Library
Title: UTILITY ANALYSIS OF PROPERTY CRIME
Author(s): H REYNOLDS
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 171
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: ECONOMIC THEORY, STATISTICAL THEORY, AND A COLLECTION OF DATA ON PROPERTY CRIMES ARE USED IN THIS STUDY WHICH COMBINES UTILITY THEORY WITH UNCERTAINTY OF OUTCOME AND TIME PREFERENCE OF CONSUMPTION TO EXPLAIN CRIMINALITY.
Abstract: THE CORE OF THE STUDY IS A MODEL DEVELOPED TO EXPRESS THE CONCEPT OF EXPECTED UTILITY FROM PROPERTY CRIMES. IT IS ARGUED THAT COMPARISONS AMONG THE LEVELS OF UTILITY EXPECTED FROM DIFFERENT CRIMES INDUCE A PROPERTY CRIMINAL TO ENGAGE IN A SPECIFIC CRIME. LOGISTICS ANALYSIS IS USED TO DESCRIBE THE DECISION AMONG THREE TYPES OF PROPERTY CRIME (ROBBERY, BURGLARY, AND THEFT). CASES OF PROPERTY CRIME FROM 1940 TO 1970 FROM THE RECORDS OF DALLAS (TEX.) COUNTY COURTHOUSE AND THE DALLAS POLICE DEPARTMENT ARE USED TO TEST THE MODEL. A REGRESSION ANALYSIS TESTS THE HYPOTHESIS THAT THOSE PREFERRING LOW RISK WILL ENGAGE IN NONCONFRONTATION PROPERTY CRIMES (BURGLARLY OR THEFT) WHILE RISK-TAKERS WILL PREFER ROBBERY BECAUSE THE POSSIBLE REWARDS ARE HIGHER. SPEED OF APPREHENSION AND PUNISHMENT AS IT AFFECTS PERCEPTION OF RISK BY THE CRIMINAL IS DISCUSSED. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE MODEL IS DESCRIBED IN DETAIL. TABLES GIVE THE RESULTS OF THE ANALYSIS AND A SUMMARY OF DATA USED IN THE STUDY. A MATHEMATICAL APPENDIX AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE INCLUDED. (GLR)
Index Term(s): Burglary; Crime prediction; Crime Statistics; Crimes against persons; Larceny/Theft; Mathematical modeling; Property crimes; Robbery; Statistical analysis; Texas
Note: SOUTHERN METHODIST UNIVERSITY - DOCTORAL DISSERTATION
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51163

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