skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 51173 Find in a Library
Title: ETHICAL PROBLEMS IN PROGRAM EVALUATION - ADVICE FOR TRAPPED EVALUATORS
Journal: EVALUATION AND PROGRAM PLANNING  Volume:1  Dated:(1978)  Pages:97-107
Author(s): C WINDLE; W NEIGHER
Corporate Author: Pergamon Press, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Rockville, MD 20852
Pergamon Press, Inc
Elmsford, NY 10523
Sale Source: National Institute of Mental Health
Room 11c3
5600 Fisher's Lane
Rockville, MD 20852
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THREE PROGRAM EVALUATION MODELS ARE ILLUSTRATED. THE ETHICAL PROBLEMS INHERENT IN EACH MODEL AND THE PROBLEMS WHICH ARISE WHEN THE MODELS ARE COMBINED ARE PRESENTED, ALONG WITH CASE EXAMPLES AND DISCUSSION.
Abstract: THE ETHICAL STANDARDS OF PSYCHOLOGISTS, FORMULATED BY THE AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION IN 1977, ARE REVIEWED AND THEIR APPLICATON TO PROGRAM EVALUATION IS DISCUSSED. THEN THE PARTICULAR ETHICAL CONFLICTS WHICH ARISE WHEN PROGRAM EVALUATORS TRY TO CARRY OUT INCOMPATIBLE MODELS OF EVALUATION SIMULTANEOUSLY ARE CONSIDERED. THREE MODELS ARE GENERALLY USED FOR EVALUATION: THE AMELIORATION MODEL, WHICH ATTEMPTS TO GENERATE BETTER INFORMATION FOR A PROGRAM'S OWN DECISIONMAKERS; THE ACCOUNTABILITY MODEL, WHICH FOCUSES ON PUBLIC DATA DISCLOSURE AND CITIZEN PARTICIPTION IN EVALUATION; AND THE ADVOCACY MODEL, WHICH ATTEMPTS TO ADVANCE THE PROGRAM'S SHARE IN THE COMPETITION FOR RESOURCES. EACH MODEL HAS INHERENT PROBLEMS, BUT IT IS THE HYPOTHESIS OF THE PAPER THAT THE GREATEST ETHICAL PROBLEMS ARISE FROM AMBIGUITY AND CONFUSION ABOUT WHICH MODEL IS BEING USED OR FROM SHIFTS IN MODEL DURING EVALUATION. THESE PROBLEMS ARE DISCUSSED IN DETAIL AND ARE ILLUSTRATED WITH CASE EXAMPLES. THE PROBLEMS ARISING FROM CHOOSING THE WRONG EVALUATION MODEL ARE ALSO CONSIDERED. SEVEN PRINCIPLES ARE GIVEN FOR EVALUATORS. THESE INCLUDE STEPS TO BE TAKEN WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION TO BE EVALUATED, PUBLIC RELTIONS STEPS TO BE TAKEN WITH THE PUBLIC AND WITH SPONSORING ORGANIZATIONS, AND CONCERNS WHICH MUST BE FACED BY THE EVALUATION TEAM. THE AMELIORATION MODEL IS RECOMMENDED AS THE ONE CAUSING FEWEST PROBLEMS. A LIST OF REFERENCES IS INCLUDED. FOR A COMMENTARY ON THIS ARTICLE, SEE NCJ-51174. (GLR)
Index Term(s): Code of ethics; Evaluation; Evaluation criteria; Evaluation of evaluation; Evaluation techniques
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51173

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.