skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 51191 Find in a Library
Title: TOWARD A SOCIOLOGY OF ORGANIZATIONAL CRIME
Journal: SOCIAL PROBLEMS  Volume:25  Issue:4  Dated:(APRIL 1978)  Pages:407-419
Author(s): L S SCHRAGER; J F SHORT
Corporate Author: Soc for the Study of Social Problems
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Soc for the Study of Social Problems
Buffalo, NY 14122
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS DISCUSSION OF ORGANIZATIONAL CRIME FOCUSES ON OPERATIVE GOALS OF ORGANIZATIONS, ADVERSE IMPACTS OF ILLEGAL ACTIONS, AND PATTERNS OF VICTIM-OFFENDER RELATIONSHIPS.
Abstract: ORGANIZATIONAL CRIMES ARE DEFINED AS ILLEGAL ACTIONS TAKEN IN ACCORDANCE WITH OPERATIVE ORGANIZATIONAL GOALS THAT SERIOUSLY HARM (PHYSICALLY OR ECONOMICALLY) EMPLOYEES, CONSUMERS, OR THE GENERAL PUBLIC. ALTHOUGH ORGANIZATIONAL CRIMES FALL WITHIN THE SCOPE OF WHITE COLLAR CRIMES, THE LATTER CONCEPT DOES NOT EXPLAIN SUFFICIENTLY THE PHENOMENON OF ORGANIZATIONAL CRIMES BECAUSE THAT CONCEPT SELDOM RECOGNIZES THE PHYSICAL IMPACT OR PECULIAR FEATURES OF CRIME IN AN ORGANIZATIONAL SETTING. CONSIDERATION OF TWO ISSUES, THE IMPACT OF ILLEGAL ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR AND CHARACTERISTICS OF CRIMES COMMITTED IN ORGANIZATIONAL SETTINGS, PROVIDES A FRAMEWORK FOR IDENTIFYING A CLASS OF ILLEGAL ACTIONS AS ORGANIZATIONAL CRIMES. THE CHARACTER OF ORGANIZATIONS PRESENTS THE FOLLOWING SPECIAL DIFFICULTIES FOR THE STUDY OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR IN ORGANIZATIONAL SETTINGS: ESTABLISHING CRIMINAL INTENTION, DETERMINING INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR OFFENSES, AND APPLYING THE CIVIL-CRIMINAL DISTINCTION TO ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR. EMPLOYEES, CONSUMERS, AND THE GENERAL PUBLIC ARE POTENTIAL VICTIMS OF ORGANIZATIONAL ACTIVITIES IN WAYS DETERMINED BY THEIR RELATIONSHIPS TO THE PRODUCTION OF GOODS AND SERVICES. INVESTIGATING PATTERNS OF VICTIM-OFFENDER RELATIONSHIPS REVEALS THE SERIOUSNESS OF ORGANIZATIONAL ILLEGALITY AND DEMONSTRATES ITS CONNECTION TO A BROAD RANGE OF HAZARDS, SUCH AS MINE DISASTERS, PRODUCT FAILURES, AND CHEMICAL SPILLS. WHILE SERIOUS FORMS OF COMMON CRIME ARE CONDEMNED BY SOCIETY, NO SUCH CONSENSUS EXISTS IN INDUSTRIAL SOCIETIES WITH REGARD TO HAZARDOUS ORGANIZATIONAL ACTIVITIES. REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED.
Index Term(s): Offenders; Organization studies; Sociology; Victim-offender relationships; White collar crime
Note: BASED ON PAPERS PRESENTED AT THE 1977 ANNUAL MEETINGS OF THE AMERICAN SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION AND THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51191

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.