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NCJ Number: 51202 Find in a Library
Title: OKLAHOMA'S 'DOWN HOME' PAROLE BOARD
Journal: CORRECTIONS MAGAZINE  Volume:4  Issue:3  Dated:(SEPTEMBER 1978)  Pages:54-59
Author(s): W HART
Corporate Author: Criminal Justice Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: Criminal Justice Publications, Inc
New York, NY 10017
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A DESCRIPTION OF OKLAHOMA'S PART-TIME PAROLE BOARD IS USED TO ILLUSTRATE THE CONTROVERSY BETWEEN THE USE OF SUCH PART-TIME BOARDS AND FULL-TIME PROFESSIONAL PAROLE BOARDS. MOST STATES ARE MOVING TOWARD FULL-TIME BOARDS.
Abstract: A TYPICAL HEARING OF THE OKLAHOMA BOARD IS DESCRIBED. WHEN THIS PANEL WAS FOUNDED BY LAW IN 1944, MOST STATES HAD PART-TIME PAROLE BOARDS. BY 1966 THERE WERE 25 PART-TIME, 22 FULL-TIME BOARDS, AND 3 BOARDS WITH MIXED MEMBERSHIP. BY 1978 THE AMERICAN CORRECTIONAL ASSOCIATION DIRECTORY LISTED ONLY 16 STATES WITH PART-TIME BOARD MEMBERS. SINCE THAT TIME TWO OF THESE STATES HAVE SHIFTED TO FULL-TIME BOARDS AND MAINE HAS ABOLISHED THE PAROLE PROCESS. THE INFORMALITY OF THE OKLAHOMA PROCESS IS EMPHASIZED. DISADVANTAGES OF THIS INFORMALITY ARE POINTED OUT--THE AVAILABILITY OF PAROLE FILES TO THE NEWS MEDIA, THE DECISIONS MADE WITH NO WRITTEN EXPLANATION TO THE PRISONER, THE LACK OF CLEAR-CUT POLICIES. THE INCREASING NUMBER OF CASES COMING UP FOR PAROLE MEANS AN INCREASED WORKLOAD FOR PART-TIME BOARDS. MANY STATES HAVE GONE TO FULL-TIME BOARDS BECAUSE CITIZENS CANNOT DONATE THE TIME REQUIRED. IN OKLAHOMA THE PART-TIME BOARD IS RETAINED BECAUSE OF A FEAR OF BUREAUCRACY. PROFESSIONAL CORRECTIONS REVIEW COMMITTEES AND OTHER REFORMS HAVE ALEADY BEEN STARTED IN OKLAHOMA. THE DEBATE BETWEEN PART-TIME AND FULL-TIME BOARDS IS CALLED A SYMBOL OF RURAL VERSUS URBAN WAYS OF DEALING WITH CRIME. (GLR)
Index Term(s): Community involvement; Oklahoma; Part-time personnel; Probation or parole agencies; Probation or parole decisionmaking
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